false FY 0001420529 --12-31 0 0 0 http://fasb.org/us-gaap/2021-01-31#Liabilities http://fasb.org/us-gaap/2021-01-31#Liabilities true true true http://fasb.org/us-gaap/2021-01-31#AccountingStandardsUpdate201912Member P1M P55M 0 P10Y P1Y4M24D P1Y P14M P1Y 0 0 560814066 54000000 P5Y P10Y P6Y P10Y P6Y 16132735 P5Y18D P5Y18D P6Y10M6D P6Y10M6D P7Y2M15D P7Y2M15D P7Y7M6D P9Y3D P7Y2M23D P6Y5M8D P6Y29D P6Y14D P5Y4M24D 0.54 0.55 0.0245 0.0253 345991 414007 1.01 P7Y2M23D P6Y5M8D 0001420529 2021-01-01 2021-12-31 xbrli:shares 0001420529 2021-12-31 0001420529 dei:BusinessContactMember 2021-01-01 2021-12-31 iso4217:CNY 0001420529 2020-12-31 iso4217:USD 0001420529 us-gaap:VariableInterestEntityPrimaryBeneficiaryMember us-gaap:NonrecourseMember 2020-12-31 0001420529 us-gaap:VariableInterestEntityPrimaryBeneficiaryMember us-gaap:NonrecourseMember 2021-12-31 iso4217:USD xbrli:shares 0001420529 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001420529 2020-01-01 2020-12-31 iso4217:CNY xbrli:shares 0001420529 us-gaap:CommonStockMember 2018-12-31 0001420529 us-gaap:TreasuryStockCommonMember 2018-12-31 0001420529 us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember 2018-12-31 0001420529 us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember 2018-12-31 0001420529 us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember 2018-12-31 0001420529 us-gaap:ParentMember 2018-12-31 0001420529 us-gaap:NoncontrollingInterestMember 2018-12-31 0001420529 2018-12-31 0001420529 us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001420529 us-gaap:ParentMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001420529 us-gaap:NoncontrollingInterestMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001420529 us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001420529 us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001420529 us-gaap:CommonStockMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001420529 us-gaap:CommonStockMember us-gaap:PrivatePlacementMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001420529 us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember us-gaap:PrivatePlacementMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001420529 us-gaap:ParentMember us-gaap:PrivatePlacementMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001420529 us-gaap:PrivatePlacementMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001420529 us-gaap:CommonStockMember 2019-12-31 0001420529 us-gaap:TreasuryStockCommonMember 2019-12-31 0001420529 us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember 2019-12-31 0001420529 us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember 2019-12-31 0001420529 us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember 2019-12-31 0001420529 us-gaap:ParentMember 2019-12-31 0001420529 us-gaap:NoncontrollingInterestMember 2019-12-31 0001420529 2019-12-31 0001420529 us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember 2020-01-01 2020-12-31 0001420529 us-gaap:ParentMember 2020-01-01 2020-12-31 0001420529 us-gaap:NoncontrollingInterestMember 2020-01-01 2020-12-31 0001420529 us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember 2020-01-01 2020-12-31 0001420529 us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember 2020-01-01 2020-12-31 0001420529 us-gaap:CommonStockMember 2020-01-01 2020-12-31 0001420529 us-gaap:TreasuryStockCommonMember 2020-01-01 2020-12-31 0001420529 us-gaap:CommonStockMember 2020-12-31 0001420529 us-gaap:TreasuryStockCommonMember 2020-12-31 0001420529 us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember 2020-12-31 0001420529 us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember 2020-12-31 0001420529 us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember 2020-12-31 0001420529 us-gaap:ParentMember 2020-12-31 0001420529 us-gaap:NoncontrollingInterestMember 2020-12-31 0001420529 us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember 2021-01-01 2021-12-31 0001420529 us-gaap:ParentMember 2021-01-01 2021-12-31 0001420529 us-gaap:NoncontrollingInterestMember 2021-01-01 2021-12-31 0001420529 us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember 2021-01-01 2021-12-31 0001420529 us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember 2021-01-01 2021-12-31 0001420529 us-gaap:CommonStockMember 2021-01-01 2021-12-31 0001420529 us-gaap:TreasuryStockCommonMember 2021-01-01 2021-12-31 0001420529 us-gaap:CommonStockMember 2021-12-31 0001420529 us-gaap:TreasuryStockCommonMember 2021-12-31 0001420529 us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember 2021-12-31 0001420529 us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember 2021-12-31 0001420529 us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember 2021-12-31 0001420529 us-gaap:ParentMember 2021-12-31 0001420529 us-gaap:NoncontrollingInterestMember 2021-12-31 0001420529 us-gaap:CreditConcentrationRiskMember us-gaap:CashAndCashEquivalentsMember 2021-01-01 2021-12-31 0001420529 aacg:EmployeeAndNonEmployeeStockOptionsMember 2021-01-01 2021-12-31 0001420529 us-gaap:RestrictedStockMember 2021-01-01 2021-12-31 0001420529 srt:ParentCompanyMember 2021-01-01 2021-12-31 0001420529 aacg:HuanqiuyimengMember 2021-01-01 2021-12-31 xbrli:pure 0001420529 aacg:HuanqiuyimengMember 2021-12-31 0001420529 srt:ChiefExecutiveOfficerMember aacg:AtaIntelligentLearningBeijingTechnologyLimitedMember 2021-01-01 2021-12-31 0001420529 aacg:GeneralCounselMember aacg:AtaIntelligentLearningBeijingTechnologyLimitedMember 2020-08-11 2020-08-11 0001420529 aacg:PresidentAndDirectorMember aacg:AtaIntelligentLearningBeijingTechnologyLimitedMember 2020-08-12 2020-08-12 0001420529 aacg:AtaIntelligentLearningBeijingTechnologyLimitedMember aacg:AtaEducationAuthorityBeijingLimitedMember 2021-01-01 2021-12-31 0001420529 aacg:EquityHoldersOfAtaIntelligentLearningBeijingTechnologyLimitedMember 2021-12-31 0001420529 aacg:EquityHoldersOfAtaIntelligentLearningBeijingTechnologyLimitedMember 2021-01-01 2021-12-31 0001420529 aacg:EquityHoldersOfATAIntelligentLearningBeijingTechnologyLimitedOneMember aacg:LoanAgreementOnMarch152018Member 2018-03-15 0001420529 aacg:EquityHoldersOfATAIntelligentLearningBeijingTechnologyLimitedOneMember aacg:LoanAgreementOnDecember282018Member 2018-12-28 0001420529 aacg:EquityHoldersOfAtaIntelligentLearningBeijingTechnologyLimitedMember 2018-03-31 0001420529 aacg:EquityHoldersOfAtaIntelligentLearningBeijingTechnologyLimitedMember 2019-03-19 0001420529 aacg:EquityHoldersOfAtaIntelligentLearningBeijingTechnologyLimitedMember aacg:LoanAgreementOnMarch192019Member 2019-12-31 0001420529 aacg:EquityHoldersOfAtaIntelligentLearningBeijingTechnologyLimitedMember aacg:GeneralCounselMember 2020-08-16 2020-08-17 0001420529 aacg:EquityHoldersOfAtaIntelligentLearningBeijingTechnologyLimitedMember aacg:PresidentAndDirectorMember 2020-08-16 2020-08-17 0001420529 aacg:AtaIntelligentLearningBeijingTechnologyLimitedMember aacg:AtaEducationAuthorityBeijingLimitedMember 2018-03-14 2018-03-15 0001420529 aacg:AtaIntelligentLearningBeijingTechnologyLimitedMember aacg:AtaEducationAuthorityBeijingLimitedMember aacg:ExclusiveTechnicalConsultingAndServicesAgreementMember 2018-03-14 2018-03-15 0001420529 srt:ChiefExecutiveOfficerMember srt:MinimumMember aacg:AtaIntelligentLearningBeijingTechnologyLimitedMember 2020-12-31 0001420529 srt:ChiefExecutiveOfficerMember srt:MinimumMember aacg:AtaIntelligentLearningBeijingTechnologyLimitedMember 2021-12-31 0001420529 aacg:AtaIntelligentLearningBeijingTechnologyLimitedMember aacg:BeijingZhenwuTechnologyDevelopmentCompanyLimitedMember 2021-01-01 2021-12-31 0001420529 aacg:AtaIntelligentLearningBeijingTechnologyLimitedMember 2020-12-31 0001420529 aacg:AtaIntelligentLearningBeijingTechnologyLimitedMember 2021-12-31 0001420529 aacg:AtaIntelligentLearningBeijingTechnologyLimitedMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001420529 aacg:AtaIntelligentLearningBeijingTechnologyLimitedMember 2020-01-01 2020-12-31 0001420529 aacg:AtaIntelligentLearningBeijingTechnologyLimitedMember 2021-01-01 2021-12-31 0001420529 aacg:AtaIntelligentLearningBeijingTechnologyLimitedMember aacg:HuanqiuyimengMember srt:ConsolidationEliminationsMember 2020-12-31 0001420529 aacg:AtaIntelligentLearningBeijingTechnologyLimitedMember aacg:HuanqiuyimengMember srt:ConsolidationEliminationsMember 2021-12-31 0001420529 aacg:AtaIntelligentLearningBeijingTechnologyLimitedMember srt:ConsolidationEliminationsMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001420529 aacg:AtaIntelligentLearningBeijingTechnologyLimitedMember srt:ConsolidationEliminationsMember 2020-01-01 2020-12-31 0001420529 aacg:AtaIntelligentLearningBeijingTechnologyLimitedMember srt:ConsolidationEliminationsMember 2021-01-01 2021-12-31 0001420529 aacg:AtaIntelligentLearningBeijingTechnologyLimitedMember us-gaap:AssetPledgedAsCollateralMember 2021-12-31 0001420529 us-gaap:CashAndCashEquivalentsMember us-gaap:CreditConcentrationRiskMember country:CN currency:CNY 2020-12-31 0001420529 us-gaap:CashAndCashEquivalentsMember us-gaap:CreditConcentrationRiskMember country:CN currency:CNY 2021-12-31 0001420529 us-gaap:CashAndCashEquivalentsMember us-gaap:CreditConcentrationRiskMember country:CN currency:USD 2020-12-31 0001420529 us-gaap:CashAndCashEquivalentsMember us-gaap:CreditConcentrationRiskMember country:CN currency:USD 2021-12-31 0001420529 us-gaap:CashAndCashEquivalentsMember us-gaap:CreditConcentrationRiskMember country:CN 2020-12-31 0001420529 us-gaap:CashAndCashEquivalentsMember us-gaap:CreditConcentrationRiskMember country:CN 2021-12-31 0001420529 us-gaap:CashAndCashEquivalentsMember us-gaap:CreditConcentrationRiskMember country:HK currency:HKD 2020-12-31 0001420529 us-gaap:CashAndCashEquivalentsMember us-gaap:CreditConcentrationRiskMember country:HK currency:HKD 2021-12-31 0001420529 us-gaap:CashAndCashEquivalentsMember us-gaap:CreditConcentrationRiskMember country:HK currency:USD 2020-12-31 0001420529 us-gaap:CashAndCashEquivalentsMember us-gaap:CreditConcentrationRiskMember country:HK currency:USD 2021-12-31 0001420529 us-gaap:CashAndCashEquivalentsMember us-gaap:CreditConcentrationRiskMember country:HK currency:GBP 2020-12-31 0001420529 us-gaap:CashAndCashEquivalentsMember us-gaap:CreditConcentrationRiskMember country:HK 2020-12-31 0001420529 us-gaap:CashAndCashEquivalentsMember us-gaap:CreditConcentrationRiskMember country:HK 2021-12-31 0001420529 us-gaap:CashAndCashEquivalentsMember us-gaap:CreditConcentrationRiskMember 2020-12-31 0001420529 us-gaap:CashAndCashEquivalentsMember us-gaap:CreditConcentrationRiskMember 2021-12-31 0001420529 country:CN srt:MaximumMember 2021-12-31 iso4217:HKD 0001420529 country:HK srt:MaximumMember 2021-12-31 0001420529 aacg:SoftwareDevelopedForInternalUseMember 2021-01-01 2021-12-31 0001420529 aacg:SoftwareDevelopedForInternalUseMember 2020-01-01 2020-12-31 0001420529 aacg:SoftwareDevelopedForInternalUseMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001420529 us-gaap:AccountingStandardsUpdate201602Member 2019-01-01 0001420529 us-gaap:BuildingMember 2021-01-01 2021-12-31 0001420529 us-gaap:ComputerEquipmentMember srt:MinimumMember 2021-01-01 2021-12-31 0001420529 us-gaap:ComputerEquipmentMember srt:MaximumMember 2021-01-01 2021-12-31 0001420529 aacg:FurnitureFixturesAndOfficeEquipmentMember srt:MinimumMember 2021-01-01 2021-12-31 0001420529 aacg:FurnitureFixturesAndOfficeEquipmentMember srt:MaximumMember 2021-01-01 2021-12-31 0001420529 us-gaap:SoftwareAndSoftwareDevelopmentCostsMember srt:MinimumMember 2021-01-01 2021-12-31 0001420529 us-gaap:SoftwareAndSoftwareDevelopmentCostsMember srt:MaximumMember 2021-01-01 2021-12-31 0001420529 us-gaap:VehiclesMember 2021-01-01 2021-12-31 0001420529 srt:MinimumMember 2021-01-01 2021-12-31 0001420529 srt:MaximumMember 2021-01-01 2021-12-31 0001420529 us-gaap:CostOfSalesMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001420529 us-gaap:CostOfSalesMember 2020-01-01 2020-12-31 0001420529 us-gaap:CostOfSalesMember 2021-01-01 2021-12-31 0001420529 us-gaap:ResearchAndDevelopmentExpenseMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001420529 us-gaap:ResearchAndDevelopmentExpenseMember 2020-01-01 2020-12-31 0001420529 us-gaap:ResearchAndDevelopmentExpenseMember 2021-01-01 2021-12-31 0001420529 us-gaap:SellingAndMarketingExpenseMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001420529 us-gaap:SellingAndMarketingExpenseMember 2020-01-01 2020-12-31 0001420529 us-gaap:SellingAndMarketingExpenseMember 2021-01-01 2021-12-31 0001420529 us-gaap:GeneralAndAdministrativeExpenseMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001420529 us-gaap:GeneralAndAdministrativeExpenseMember 2020-01-01 2020-12-31 0001420529 us-gaap:GeneralAndAdministrativeExpenseMember 2021-01-01 2021-12-31 0001420529 aacg:HuanqiuyimengMember 2019-12-31 0001420529 aacg:HuanqiuyimengMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001420529 aacg:HuanqiuyimengMember 2020-12-31 0001420529 aacg:HuanqiuyimengMember 2021-03-31 2021-03-31 0001420529 aacg:HuanqiuyimengMember 2019-08-04 2019-08-06 0001420529 aacg:HuanqiuyimengMember 2019-08-06 0001420529 aacg:HuanqiuyimengMember us-gaap:TrademarksMember 2019-08-06 0001420529 aacg:HuanqiuyimengMember us-gaap:NoncompeteAgreementsMember 2019-08-06 0001420529 aacg:HuanqiuyimengMember us-gaap:OrderOrProductionBacklogMember 2019-08-06 0001420529 aacg:HuanqiuyimengMember us-gaap:TrademarksMember 2019-08-04 2019-08-06 0001420529 aacg:HuanqiuyimengMember us-gaap:NoncompeteAgreementsMember 2019-08-04 2019-08-06 0001420529 aacg:HuanqiuyimengMember us-gaap:OrderOrProductionBacklogMember 2019-08-04 2019-08-06 0001420529 aacg:HuanqiuyimengMember aacg:OverseasArtStudyServicesMember 2019-08-04 2019-08-06 0001420529 aacg:HuanqiuyimengMember aacg:OtherEducationalServicesMember 2019-08-04 2019-08-06 0001420529 aacg:BeijingBiztourInternationalTravelServiceCoLtdMember 2018-03-26 2018-03-26 0001420529 aacg:BeijingBiztourInternationalTravelServiceCoLtdMember 2018-03-26 0001420529 aacg:BeijingBiztourInternationalTravelServiceCoLtdMember 2018-08-31 0001420529 aacg:BeijingBiztourInternationalTravelServiceCoLtdMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001420529 aacg:BeijingBiztourInternationalTravelServiceCoLtdMember 2020-01-01 2020-12-31 0001420529 aacg:EEOGroupMember 2020-12-31 0001420529 aacg:BeijingXiaozhiEducationTechnologyCoLtdMember 2020-12-31 0001420529 aacg:EEOGroupMember 2021-12-31 0001420529 aacg:ApplysquareEducationTechnologyCoLtdMember 2018-12-31 0001420529 aacg:ApplysquareEducationTechnologyCoLtdMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001420529 aacg:ApplysquareEducationTechnologyCoLtdMember 2019-12-31 0001420529 aacg:ApplysquareEducationTechnologyCoLtdMember 2020-07-01 2020-09-30 0001420529 aacg:BeijingGlobalwisdomInformationTechnologyCoLtdMember 2018-12-31 0001420529 aacg:BeijingGlobalwisdomInformationTechnologyCoLtdMember 2019-09-30 0001420529 aacg:BeijingGlobalwisdomInformationTechnologyCoLtdMember 2019-07-01 2019-09-30 0001420529 aacg:BeijingXiaozhiEducationTechnologyCoLtdMember 2018-12-31 aacg:director 0001420529 aacg:BeijingXiaozhiEducationTechnologyCoLtdMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001420529 aacg:BeijingXiaozhiEducationTechnologyCoLtdMember 2019-01-01 2019-01-31 0001420529 aacg:BeijingXiaozhiEducationTechnologyCoLtdMember 2021-07-01 2021-09-30 0001420529 aacg:BeijingFutouTechnologyCoLtdMember aacg:HuanqiuyimengMember 2020-12-31 0001420529 aacg:BeijingFutouTechnologyCoLtdMember aacg:HuanqiuyimengMember 2020-10-01 2020-12-31 0001420529 aacg:EEOGroupMember 2019-01-01 0001420529 aacg:EEOGroupMember 2020-06-30 0001420529 aacg:EEOGroupMember 2021-03-31 0001420529 aacg:ApplysquareEducationTechnologyCoLtdMember 2020-01-01 2020-12-31 0001420529 aacg:BeijingFutouTechnologyCoLtdMember 2020-01-01 2020-12-31 0001420529 aacg:BeijingXiaozhiEducationTechnologyCoLtdMember 2021-01-01 2021-12-31 0001420529 us-gaap:BuildingMember 2020-12-31 0001420529 us-gaap:BuildingMember 2021-12-31 0001420529 us-gaap:ComputerEquipmentMember 2020-12-31 0001420529 us-gaap:ComputerEquipmentMember 2021-12-31 0001420529 aacg:FurnitureFixturesAndOfficeEquipmentMember 2020-12-31 0001420529 aacg:FurnitureFixturesAndOfficeEquipmentMember 2021-12-31 0001420529 us-gaap:VehiclesMember 2020-12-31 0001420529 us-gaap:VehiclesMember 2021-12-31 0001420529 us-gaap:SoftwareAndSoftwareDevelopmentCostsMember 2020-12-31 0001420529 us-gaap:SoftwareAndSoftwareDevelopmentCostsMember 2021-12-31 0001420529 us-gaap:LeaseholdImprovementsMember 2020-12-31 0001420529 us-gaap:LeaseholdImprovementsMember 2021-12-31 0001420529 us-gaap:OtherOperatingIncomeExpenseMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001420529 us-gaap:OtherOperatingIncomeExpenseMember 2020-01-01 2020-12-31 0001420529 aacg:HuanqiuyimengEducationConsultationCorpMember 2019-12-31 0001420529 2020-05-01 2020-05-31 0001420529 2020-08-01 2020-08-31 0001420529 aacg:OverseasArtStudyServicesMember 2019-12-31 0001420529 aacg:OtherEducationalServicesMember 2019-12-31 0001420529 aacg:OtherEducationalServicesMember 2020-01-01 2020-12-31 0001420529 aacg:OverseasArtStudyServicesMember 2020-12-31 0001420529 aacg:OtherEducationalServicesMember 2020-12-31 0001420529 aacg:EducationAssessmentCasewareMember 2020-12-31 0001420529 us-gaap:TrademarksMember 2020-12-31 0001420529 us-gaap:NoncompeteAgreementsMember 2020-12-31 0001420529 aacg:EducationAssessmentCasewareMember 2020-01-01 2020-12-31 0001420529 us-gaap:TrademarksMember 2020-01-01 2020-12-31 0001420529 us-gaap:NoncompeteAgreementsMember 2020-01-01 2020-12-31 0001420529 us-gaap:TrademarksMember 2021-12-31 0001420529 us-gaap:NoncompeteAgreementsMember 2021-12-31 0001420529 us-gaap:TrademarksMember 2021-01-01 2021-12-31 0001420529 us-gaap:NoncompeteAgreementsMember 2021-01-01 2021-12-31 aacg:item aacg:grade 0001420529 us-gaap:DatabasesMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 aacg:Lease 0001420529 srt:MinimumMember 2020-01-01 2020-12-31 0001420529 srt:MaximumMember 2020-01-01 2020-12-31 0001420529 srt:MinimumMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001420529 srt:MaximumMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001420529 aacg:ShortTermLoanMember aacg:HuanqiuyimengMember 2019-08-06 0001420529 aacg:ShortTermLoanMember aacg:HuanqiuyimengMember 2019-08-07 2019-12-31 0001420529 aacg:ShortTermLoanMember aacg:HuanqiuyimengMember 2020-12-31 0001420529 aacg:ShortTermLoanMember aacg:HuanqiuyimengMember 2020-01-01 2020-12-31 0001420529 aacg:ShortTermLoanMember aacg:HuanqiuyimengMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001420529 aacg:ShortTermLoanMember aacg:HuanqiuyimengMember 2021-01-01 2021-12-31 0001420529 aacg:ShortTermLoanMember aacg:HuanqiuyimengMember 2021-03-31 2021-03-31 0001420529 aacg:ChiefExecutiveOfficerAndDirectorXiaofengMaMember 2020-12-31 0001420529 aacg:FourPointThreeFivePercentageInterestLoanMember 2020-12-31 0001420529 aacg:ChiefExecutiveOfficerOfMuhuaShangceLearningDataAndTechnologyBeijingLimitedMember 2020-12-31 0001420529 aacg:ChiefExecutiveOfficerOfMuhuaShangceLearningDataAndTechnologyBeijingLimitedMember aacg:TwoPercentageInterestLoanMember 2020-12-31 0001420529 aacg:ChiefExecutiveOfficerOfMuhuaShangceLearningDataAndTechnologyBeijingLimitedMember aacg:NoInterestMember 2020-12-31 0001420529 aacg:MrXiaofengMaMember 2020-12-31 0001420529 aacg:ThreeThirdPartyCompaniesMember 2020-12-31 0001420529 aacg:ThreeThirdPartyCompaniesMember aacg:NoInterestMember 2021-12-31 0001420529 aacg:ChiefExecutiveOfficerOfMuhuaShangceLearningDataAndTechnologyBeijingLimitedAndThreeThirdPartyCompaniesMember 2020-01-01 2020-12-31 0001420529 aacg:ChiefExecutiveOfficerAndDirectorOfPartnershipMember aacg:NoInterestMember 2021-01-01 2021-12-31 0001420529 aacg:ChiefExecutiveOfficerAndDirectorOfPartnershipMember aacg:NoInterestMember 2021-12-31 0001420529 aacg:ChiefExecutiveOfficerOfMuhuaShangceLearningDataAndTechnologyBeijingLimitedMember 2021-12-31 0001420529 aacg:ChiefExecutiveOfficerOfMuhuaShangceLearningDataAndTechnologyBeijingLimitedMember aacg:SixPointOneTwoPercentageInterestLoanMember 2021-12-31 0001420529 aacg:ChiefExecutiveOfficerOfMuhuaShangceLearningDataAndTechnologyBeijingLimitedMember aacg:NoInterestMember 2021-12-31 0001420529 aacg:ChiefExecutiveOfficerOfMuhuaShangceLearningDataAndTechnologyBeijingLimitedMember 2021-06-30 0001420529 aacg:PortfolioTrainingServiceMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001420529 aacg:PortfolioTrainingServiceMember 2020-01-01 2020-12-31 0001420529 aacg:PortfolioTrainingServiceMember 2021-01-01 2021-12-31 0001420529 aacg:ResearchBasedLearningServicesMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001420529 aacg:ResearchBasedLearningServicesMember 2020-01-01 2020-12-31 0001420529 aacg:ResearchBasedLearningServicesMember 2021-01-01 2021-12-31 0001420529 aacg:OverseasStudyCounsellingServicesMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001420529 aacg:OverseasStudyCounsellingServicesMember 2020-01-01 2020-12-31 0001420529 aacg:OverseasStudyCounsellingServicesMember 2021-01-01 2021-12-31 0001420529 aacg:OtherEducationalServicesMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001420529 aacg:OtherEducationalServicesMember 2020-01-01 2020-12-31 0001420529 aacg:OtherEducationalServicesMember 2021-01-01 2021-12-31 0001420529 aacg:K12EducationAssessmentAndOtherServicesMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001420529 aacg:K12EducationAssessmentAndOtherServicesMember 2020-01-01 2020-12-31 0001420529 country:CN 2008-01-01 2008-01-01 0001420529 country:CN 2021-01-01 2021-12-31 0001420529 country:CN aacg:ATAEducationTechnologyBeijingLimitedMember 2008-01-01 2010-12-31 0001420529 country:CN aacg:ATAEducationTechnologyBeijingLimitedMember 2011-01-01 2013-12-31 0001420529 country:CN aacg:ATAEducationTechnologyBeijingLimitedMember 2014-01-01 2016-12-31 0001420529 country:CN aacg:ATAEducationTechnologyBeijingLimitedMember 2017-01-01 2019-12-31 0001420529 country:CN srt:ScenarioForecastMember aacg:ATAEducationTechnologyBeijingLimitedMember 2020-01-01 2022-12-31 0001420529 country:CN aacg:MuhuaShangceLearningDataAndTechnologyBeijingLimitedMember 2009-01-01 2011-12-31 0001420529 country:CN aacg:MuhuaShangceLearningDataAndTechnologyBeijingLimitedMember 2012-01-01 2014-12-31 0001420529 country:CN aacg:MuhuaShangceLearningDataAndTechnologyBeijingLimitedMember 2015-01-01 2017-12-31 0001420529 country:CN aacg:MuhuaShangceLearningDataAndTechnologyBeijingLimitedMember 2018-01-01 2020-12-31 0001420529 aacg:KYAndVGMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001420529 country:CN 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001420529 country:HK 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001420529 aacg:KYAndVGMember 2020-01-01 2020-12-31 0001420529 country:CN 2020-01-01 2020-12-31 0001420529 country:HK 2020-01-01 2020-12-31 0001420529 aacg:KYAndVGMember 2021-01-01 2021-12-31 0001420529 country:HK 2021-01-01 2021-12-31 0001420529 aacg:MuhuaShangceLearningDataAndTechnologyBeijingLimitedMember 2021-01-01 2021-12-31 0001420529 country:CN 2021-12-31 0001420529 country:CN aacg:TaxExpirationPeriodEndingDecember2022Member 2021-12-31 0001420529 country:CN aacg:TaxExpirationPeriodEndingDecember2023Member 2021-12-31 0001420529 country:CN aacg:TaxExpirationPeriodEndingDecember2024Member 2021-12-31 0001420529 country:CN aacg:TaxExpirationPeriodEndingDecember2025Member 2021-12-31 0001420529 country:CN aacg:TaxExpirationPeriodEndingDecember2026Member 2021-12-31 0001420529 country:CN aacg:TaxExpirationPeriodEndingDecember2027Member 2021-12-31 0001420529 country:CN aacg:TaxExpirationPeriodEndingDecember2029Member 2021-12-31 0001420529 country:CN aacg:TaxExpirationPeriodEndingOnDecember312030Member 2021-12-31 0001420529 country:CN aacg:TaxExpirationPeriodEndingOnDecember2031Member 2021-12-31 0001420529 aacg:ThirdPartyInvestorsMember 2017-02-01 2017-02-28 0001420529 aacg:ThirdPartyInvestorsMember 2017-02-27 2017-02-28 0001420529 aacg:ThirdPartyInvestorsMember 2017-02-28 0001420529 aacg:MuhuaInvestmentMember 2019-09-29 2019-09-29 0001420529 aacg:MuhuaInvestmentMember srt:MaximumMember 2019-09-26 0001420529 aacg:MuhuaInvestmentMember srt:MinimumMember 2019-09-26 0001420529 aacg:ThirdPartyInvestorsMember 2019-09-26 2019-09-26 0001420529 aacg:ThirdPartyInvestorsMember 2019-09-26 0001420529 aacg:ThirdPartyInvestorsMember 2020-12-31 0001420529 aacg:AtaEducationAuthorityBeijingLimitedMember aacg:MuhuaShangceLearningDataAndTechnologyBeijingLimitedMember srt:ChiefExecutiveOfficerMember 2021-06-02 2021-06-02 0001420529 2021-06-02 2021-06-02 0001420529 2021-01-01 2021-06-02 0001420529 2021-06-02 0001420529 aacg:AtaEducationAuthorityBeijingLimitedMember aacg:MuhuaShangceLearningDataAndTechnologyBeijingLimitedMember aacg:NingboMeishanBondedPortAreaZunmingInvestmentManagementCenterMember 2018-10-26 2018-10-26 0001420529 aacg:AtaEducationAuthorityBeijingLimitedMember aacg:MuhuaShangceLearningDataAndTechnologyBeijingLimitedMember aacg:NingboMeishanBondedPortAreaZunmingInvestmentManagementCenterMember 2020-01-01 2020-12-31 0001420529 aacg:MuhuaShangceLearningDataAndTechnologyBeijingLimitedMember 2019-09-26 2019-09-26 0001420529 aacg:MuhuaShangceLearningDataAndTechnologyBeijingLimitedMember 2019-09-26 0001420529 aacg:MuhuaShangceLearningDataAndTechnologyBeijingLimitedMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001420529 aacg:MuhuaShangceLearningDataAndTechnologyBeijingLimitedMember 2020-01-01 2020-12-31 0001420529 aacg:MuhuaShangceLearningDataAndTechnologyBeijingLimitedMember 2021-01-01 2021-06-02 0001420529 aacg:MuhuaShangceLearningDataAndTechnologyBeijingLimitedMember 2021-06-02 2021-06-02 0001420529 aacg:MuhuaShangceLearningDataAndTechnologyBeijingLimitedMember 2021-06-02 aacg:Segment 0001420529 2019-08-05 2019-08-05 0001420529 us-gaap:ProductConcentrationRiskMember us-gaap:SalesRevenueNetMember aacg:OverseasArtStudyServicesAndOtherEducationalServicesMember srt:MaximumMember 2021-01-01 2021-12-31 0001420529 aacg:OverseasArtStudyServicesMember 2021-01-01 2021-12-31 0001420529 aacg:OtherEducationalServicesMember 2021-01-01 2021-12-31 0001420529 us-gaap:AllOtherSegmentsMember 2021-01-01 2021-12-31 0001420529 aacg:OverseasArtStudyServicesMember 2020-01-01 2020-12-31 0001420529 us-gaap:AllOtherSegmentsMember 2020-01-01 2020-12-31 0001420529 aacg:OverseasArtStudyServicesMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001420529 aacg:OtherEducationalServicesMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001420529 us-gaap:AllOtherSegmentsMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001420529 aacg:ShareIncentivePlan2005Member 2005-04-30 0001420529 aacg:ShareIncentivePlan2005Member 2007-10-31 0001420529 aacg:ShareIncentivePlan2008Member 2016-12-30 0001420529 aacg:ShareIncentivePlan2008Member 2008-01-07 0001420529 aacg:ShareIncentivePlan2008Member 2008-01-07 2008-01-07 0001420529 aacg:ShareIncentivePlan2008Member 2016-12-30 2016-12-30 0001420529 aacg:AmendmentAndRestatementOf2008PlanMember 2018-10-26 2018-10-26 0001420529 aacg:AmendmentAndRestatementOf2008PlanMember 2018-10-26 0001420529 aacg:SecondAmendmentAndRestatementOf2008PlanMember 2021-12-31 0001420529 aacg:ShareIncentivePlan2005Member aacg:EmployeeAndNonEmployeeStockOptionsMember 2021-01-01 2021-12-31 0001420529 aacg:ShareIncentivePlan2008Member aacg:EmployeeAndNonEmployeeStockOptionsMember 2021-01-01 2021-12-31 0001420529 aacg:ShareIncentivePlan2005Member aacg:EmployeeAndNonEmployeeStockOptionsMember us-gaap:ShareBasedCompensationAwardTrancheOneMember 2021-01-01 2021-12-31 0001420529 aacg:ShareIncentivePlan2008Member aacg:EmployeeAndNonEmployeeStockOptionsMember us-gaap:ShareBasedCompensationAwardTrancheOneMember 2021-01-01 2021-12-31 0001420529 aacg:ShareIncentivePlan2005Member aacg:EmployeeAndNonEmployeeStockOptionsMember us-gaap:ShareBasedCompensationAwardTrancheTwoMember 2021-01-01 2021-12-31 0001420529 aacg:ShareIncentivePlan2008Member aacg:EmployeeAndNonEmployeeStockOptionsMember us-gaap:ShareBasedCompensationAwardTrancheTwoMember 2021-01-01 2021-12-31 0001420529 aacg:ShareIncentivePlan2008Member us-gaap:RestrictedStockMember 2021-01-01 2021-12-31 0001420529 aacg:ShareIncentivePlan2008Member us-gaap:RestrictedStockMember us-gaap:ShareBasedCompensationAwardTrancheThreeMember 2021-01-01 2021-12-31 0001420529 us-gaap:RestrictedStockMember aacg:EmployeesAndOfficersMember 2017-01-01 2017-01-31 0001420529 us-gaap:RestrictedStockMember aacg:EmployeesAndOfficersMember us-gaap:ShareBasedCompensationAwardTrancheThreeMember 2017-01-01 2017-01-31 0001420529 aacg:EmployeeAndNonEmployeeStockOptionsMember aacg:EmployeesAndOfficersMember 2017-01-01 2017-01-31 0001420529 aacg:EmployeeAndNonEmployeeStockOptionsMember aacg:EmployeeMember 2017-08-01 2017-08-31 0001420529 aacg:EmployeeAndNonEmployeeStockOptionsMember aacg:AtaOnlineBeijingEducationTechnologyLimitedMember 2018-07-01 2018-07-31 0001420529 us-gaap:RestrictedStockMember aacg:AtaOnlineBeijingEducationTechnologyLimitedMember 2018-07-01 2018-07-31 0001420529 aacg:AtaOnlineBeijingEducationTechnologyLimitedMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001420529 aacg:EmployeeAndNonEmployeeStockOptionsMember 2018-11-01 2018-11-30 0001420529 us-gaap:RestrictedStockMember 2018-11-01 2018-11-30 0001420529 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0001420529 aacg:EmployeeAndNonEmployeeStockOptionsMember aacg:CertainEmployeeAndOfficerMember 2018-11-01 2018-11-30 0001420529 aacg:EmployeeAndNonEmployeeStockOptionsMember aacg:EmployeeMember 2018-11-01 2018-11-30 0001420529 aacg:EmployeeAndNonEmployeeStockOptionsMember aacg:EmployeesAndOfficersMember 2018-11-01 2018-11-30 0001420529 us-gaap:RestrictedStockMember srt:DirectorMember 2018-11-01 2018-11-30 0001420529 aacg:EmployeeAndNonEmployeeStockOptionsMember aacg:EmployeesAndOfficersMember 2018-12-01 2018-12-31 0001420529 aacg:EmployeeAndNonEmployeeStockOptionsMember aacg:EmployeesAndOfficersMember 2019-01-02 2019-01-03 0001420529 aacg:EmployeeAndNonEmployeeStockOptionsMember aacg:EmployeesAndOfficersMember 2019-03-01 2019-03-31 0001420529 aacg:EmployeeAndNonEmployeeStockOptionsMember srt:OfficerMember 2020-11-01 2020-11-30 0001420529 aacg:EmployeeAndNonEmployeeStockOptionsMember srt:OfficerMember 2021-01-01 2021-12-31 0001420529 aacg:EmployeeAndNonEmployeeStockOptionsMember aacg:CertainEmployeeAndOfficerMember 2020-11-01 2020-11-30 0001420529 us-gaap:RestrictedStockMember aacg:CertainEmployeeAndOfficerMember 2020-11-01 2020-11-30 0001420529 aacg:EmployeeAndNonEmployeeStockOptionsMember 2018-12-31 0001420529 aacg:EmployeeAndNonEmployeeStockOptionsMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001420529 aacg:EmployeeAndNonEmployeeStockOptionsMember 2019-12-31 0001420529 aacg:EmployeeAndNonEmployeeStockOptionsMember 2020-01-01 2020-12-31 0001420529 aacg:EmployeeAndNonEmployeeStockOptionsMember 2020-12-31 0001420529 aacg:EmployeeAndNonEmployeeStockOptionsMember 2021-12-31 0001420529 aacg:RangeOneMember 2021-12-31 0001420529 aacg:RangeTwoMember 2021-12-31 0001420529 aacg:RangeThreeMember 2021-12-31 0001420529 aacg:RangeFourMember 2021-12-31 0001420529 aacg:RangeFiveMember 2021-12-31 0001420529 aacg:RangeOneMember 2021-01-01 2021-12-31 0001420529 aacg:RangeTwoMember 2021-01-01 2021-12-31 0001420529 aacg:RangeThreeMember 2021-01-01 2021-12-31 0001420529 aacg:RangeFourMember 2021-01-01 2021-12-31 0001420529 aacg:RangeFiveMember 2021-01-01 2021-12-31 0001420529 srt:MinimumMember aacg:EmployeeAndNonEmployeeStockOptionsMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001420529 srt:MaximumMember aacg:EmployeeAndNonEmployeeStockOptionsMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001420529 aacg:CostOfRevenuesMember aacg:EmployeeAndNonEmployeeStockOptionsMember 2021-01-01 2021-12-31 0001420529 us-gaap:ResearchAndDevelopmentExpenseMember aacg:EmployeeAndNonEmployeeStockOptionsMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001420529 us-gaap:ResearchAndDevelopmentExpenseMember aacg:EmployeeAndNonEmployeeStockOptionsMember 2021-01-01 2021-12-31 0001420529 us-gaap:SellingAndMarketingExpenseMember aacg:EmployeeAndNonEmployeeStockOptionsMember 2021-01-01 2021-12-31 0001420529 us-gaap:GeneralAndAdministrativeExpenseMember aacg:EmployeeAndNonEmployeeStockOptionsMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001420529 us-gaap:GeneralAndAdministrativeExpenseMember aacg:EmployeeAndNonEmployeeStockOptionsMember 2020-01-01 2020-12-31 0001420529 us-gaap:GeneralAndAdministrativeExpenseMember aacg:EmployeeAndNonEmployeeStockOptionsMember 2021-01-01 2021-12-31 0001420529 us-gaap:RestrictedStockMember 2018-12-31 0001420529 us-gaap:RestrictedStockMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001420529 us-gaap:RestrictedStockMember 2019-12-31 0001420529 us-gaap:RestrictedStockMember 2020-01-01 2020-12-31 0001420529 us-gaap:RestrictedStockMember 2020-12-31 0001420529 us-gaap:RestrictedStockMember 2021-12-31 0001420529 us-gaap:RestrictedStockMember aacg:CostOfRevenuesMember 2021-01-01 2021-12-31 0001420529 us-gaap:RestrictedStockMember us-gaap:ResearchAndDevelopmentExpenseMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001420529 us-gaap:RestrictedStockMember us-gaap:ResearchAndDevelopmentExpenseMember 2020-01-01 2020-12-31 0001420529 us-gaap:RestrictedStockMember us-gaap:ResearchAndDevelopmentExpenseMember 2021-01-01 2021-12-31 0001420529 us-gaap:RestrictedStockMember us-gaap:SellingAndMarketingExpenseMember 2021-01-01 2021-12-31 0001420529 us-gaap:RestrictedStockMember us-gaap:GeneralAndAdministrativeExpenseMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001420529 us-gaap:RestrictedStockMember us-gaap:GeneralAndAdministrativeExpenseMember 2020-01-01 2020-12-31 0001420529 us-gaap:RestrictedStockMember us-gaap:GeneralAndAdministrativeExpenseMember 2021-01-01 2021-12-31 0001420529 us-gaap:PrivatePlacementMember 2019-12-24 2019-12-24 0001420529 us-gaap:PrivatePlacementMember 2020-04-10 2020-04-10 0001420529 aacg:AmericanDepositarySharesMember 2020-05-31 0001420529 aacg:AmericanDepositarySharesMember 2020-05-01 2020-05-31 0001420529 aacg:AmericanDepositarySharesMember 2020-01-01 2020-12-31 0001420529 aacg:AmericanDepositarySharesMember 2021-01-01 2021-12-31 0001420529 aacg:ApplysquareEducationTechnologyCoLtdMember 2021-01-01 2021-12-31 0001420529 aacg:ApplysquareEducationTechnologyCoLtdMember us-gaap:SubsequentEventMember 2022-01-01 2022-01-31 0001420529 srt:AffiliatedEntityMember aacg:PurchaseOfOnlineEducationalPlatformServicesMember 2020-01-01 2020-12-31 0001420529 aacg:ChiefExecutiveOfficerDirectorShareholderAndMrXiaofengMaMember 2020-03-05 0001420529 aacg:ChiefExecutiveOfficerDirectorShareholderAndMrXiaofengMaMember aacg:MuhuaShangceMember 2020-03-30 0001420529 aacg:MuhuaShangceMember aacg:JointLiabilityGuaranteeMember aacg:ChiefExecutiveOfficerAndDirectorXiaofengMaMember 2020-04-01 2020-04-30 0001420529 aacg:MuhuaShangceMember aacg:JointLiabilityGuaranteeMember aacg:ChiefExecutiveOfficerAndDirectorXiaofengMaMember 2020-04-30 0001420529 aacg:ChiefExecutiveOfficerAndDirectorXiaofengMaMember aacg:MuhuaShangceMember 2020-11-30 0001420529 aacg:ChiefExecutiveOfficerAndDirectorXiaofengMaMember aacg:MuhuaShangceMember 2020-12-31 0001420529 aacg:ChiefExecutiveOfficerAndDirectorXiaofengMaMember aacg:MuhuaShangceMember 2021-05-31 0001420529 aacg:ChiefExecutiveOfficerAndDirectorXiaofengMaMember aacg:MuhuaShangceMember 2020-01-01 2020-12-31 0001420529 aacg:ChiefExecutiveOfficerAndDirectorXiaofengMaMember aacg:MuhuaShangceMember 2021-01-01 2021-12-31 0001420529 aacg:ShanghaiAixueCultureCommunicationCompanyLimitedMember aacg:HuanqiuyimengMember srt:PresidentMember 2020-03-14 2020-03-14 0001420529 aacg:ShanghaiAixueCultureCommunicationCompanyLimitedMember aacg:HuanqiuyimengMember srt:PresidentMember 2019-08-05 2019-12-31 0001420529 aacg:ShanghaiAixueCultureCommunicationCompanyLimitedMember aacg:HuanqiuyimengMember srt:PresidentMember 2019-12-31 0001420529 aacg:ATAOnlineSaleTransactionMember 2020-03-01 2020-03-31 0001420529 aacg:ATAOnlineSaleTransactionMember srt:ChiefExecutiveOfficerMember aacg:AlphaAdvantageGlobalLimitedMember 2020-03-01 2020-03-31 0001420529 aacg:ATAOnlineSaleTransactionMember srt:ChiefExecutiveOfficerMember aacg:DynamicFameLimitedMember 2020-03-01 2020-03-31 0001420529 aacg:ATAOnlineSaleTransactionMember aacg:AlphaAdvantageGlobalLimitedAndDynamicFameLimitedMember 2020-03-01 2020-03-31 0001420529 aacg:ATAOnlineSaleTransactionMember 2021-12-31 0001420529 srt:ParentCompanyMember 2020-12-31 0001420529 srt:ParentCompanyMember 2021-12-31 0001420529 srt:ParentCompanyMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001420529 srt:ParentCompanyMember 2020-01-01 2020-12-31 0001420529 srt:ParentCompanyMember 2018-12-31 0001420529 srt:ParentCompanyMember 2019-12-31

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549

 

FORM 20-F

 

(Mark One)

 

REGISTRATION STATEMENT PURSUANT TO SECTION 12(b) OR (g) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

OR

ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2021

 

OR

 

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the transition period from         to

 

OR

 

SHELL COMPANY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

Date of event requiring this shell company report . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Commission file number: 001-33910

 

ATA Creativity Global

(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in Its Charter)

 

Not applicable

(Translation of Registrant’s Name Into English)

 

Cayman Islands

(Jurisdiction of Incorporation or Organization)

 

c/o 1/F East Gate, Building No. 2, Jian Wai Soho,

No. 39 Dong San Huan Zhong Road,

Chao Yang District, Beijing 100022, China

(Address of Principal Executive Offices)

 

Amy Tung

Chief Financial Officer

ATA Creativity Global

c/o 1/F East Gate, Building No. 2, Jian Wai Soho,

No. 39 Dong San Huan Zhong Road,

Chao Yang District, Beijing 100022, China

Telephone: +8610-6518-1133

Facsimile: +8610-5869-8106

(Name, Telephone, E-mail and/or Facsimile Number and Address of Company Contact Person)

 

Securities registered or to be registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

 

Title of each class

 

Trading

Symbol(s)

 

Name of each exchange on which
registered

American Depositary Shares, each representing two common shares, par value $0.01 per share

 

AACG

 

Nasdaq Global Market

 

Securities registered or to be registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act: None

 

Securities for which there is a reporting obligation pursuant to Section 15(d) of the Act: None

 

Indicate the number of outstanding shares of each of the issuer’s classes of capital or common stock as of the close of the period covered by the annual report:

 

 

63,247,176 common shares

 


 

 

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.

Yes   No

 

If this report is an annual or transition report, indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934.

Yes   No

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.

Yes   No

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).

Yes   No

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer

 

Accelerated filer

 

Non-accelerated filer

 

Emerging growth company 

 

If an emerging growth company that prepares its financial statements in accordance with U.S. GAAP, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards† provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.

 

†The term “new or revised financial accounting standard” refers to any update issued by the Financial Accounting Standards Board to its Accounting Standards Codification after April 5, 2012.

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has filed a report on and attestation to its management’s assessment of the effectiveness of its internal control over financial reporting under Section 404(b) of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act (15 U.S.C. 7262(b)) by the registered public accounting firm that prepared or issued its audit report.

 

Indicate by check mark which basis of accounting the registrant has used to prepare the financial statements included in this filing:

 

U.S. GAAP

 

International Financial Reporting Standards as issued

by the International Accounting Standards Board

 

Other

 

If “Other” has been checked in response to the previous question, indicate by check mark which financial statement item the registrant has elected to follow:

Item 17   Item 18

 

If this is an annual report, indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).

Yes   No

 

(APPLICABLE ONLY TO ISSUERS INVOLVED IN BANKRUPTCY PROCEEDINGS DURING THE PAST FIVE YEARS)

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has filed all documents and reports required to be filed by Sections 12, 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 subsequent to the distribution of securities under a plan confirmed by a court.    

Yes   No 

 

 


 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

 

 

Page

Introduction

 

1

Forward-looking Statements

 

2

Part I.

 

3

Item 1. Identity of Directors, Senior Management and Advisers

 

3

Item 2. Offer Statistics and Expected Timetable

 

3

Item 3. Key Information

 

3

Item 4. Information on the Company

 

54

Item 4A. Unresolved Staff Comments

 

78

Item 5. Operating and Financial Review and Prospects

 

78

Item 6. Directors, Senior Management and Employees

 

93

Item 7. Major Shareholders and Related Party Transactions

 

101

Item 8. Financial Information

 

102

Item 9. The Offer and Listing

 

104

Item 10. Additional Information

 

104

Item 11. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

 

110

Item 12. Description of Securities Other Than Equity Securities

 

111

Part II.

 

113

Item 13. Defaults, Dividend Arrearages and Delinquencies

 

113

Item 14. Material Modifications to the Rights of Security Holders and Use of Proceeds

 

113

Item 15. Controls and Procedures

 

113

Item 16. Reserved

 

114

Item 16A. Audit Committee Financial Expert

 

114

Item 16B. Code of Ethics

 

114

Item 16C. Principal Accountant Fee and Services

 

114

Item 16D. Exemptions from the Listing Standards for Audit Committees

 

114

Item 16E. Purchases of Equity Securities by the Issuer and Affiliated Purchasers

 

114

Item 16F. Change in Registrant’s Certifying Accountant

 

114

Item 16G. Corporate Governance

 

115

Item 16H. Mine Safety Disclosure

 

115

Item 16I. Disclosure regarding Foreign Jurisdictions that Prevent Inspections

 

115

Part III.

 

115

Item 17. Financial Statements

 

115

Item 18. Financial Statements

 

115

Item 19. Exhibits

 

115

Signature

 

120

 

 

 


 

INTRODUCTION

Except where the context otherwise requires and for purposes of this annual report only:

 

unless otherwise noted, all references to years are to the calendar years from January 1 to December 31 and references to our fiscal year or years are to the fiscal year or years ended December 31.

 

the “Company” refers to ATA Creativity Global, formerly known as ATA Inc.  

 

the “VIE” refers to ATA Intelligent Learning (Beijing) Technology Limited, our variable interest entity based in China, and its subsidiary, as the context requires.

 

“we,” “us,” “our company,” “our” and “ACG” refer to the Company and its subsidiaries, as the context requires. On August 16, 2018, we completed the sale of ATA Online (Beijing) Education Technology Co., Ltd., or ATA Online, and its subsidiaries as well as ATA Learning (Beijing) Inc., or ATA Learning, and Zhongxiao Zhixing Education Technology (Beijing) Limited, or Zhongxiao Zhixing, which were former subsidiaries of the Company incorporated under the laws of China and holding companies of ATA Online (collectively referred to as the “ATA Online Business”). After the completion of such sale of the ATA Online Business, the Company’s subsidiaries no longer include ATA Online and its direct shareholding companies, ATA Learning and Zhongxiao Zhixing. In 2019, we and the VIE completed the acquisition of 100% equity interests in Beijing Huanqiuyimeng Education Consultation Corp., or Huanqiuyimeng, a leading provider of educational services for students in China interested in applying for overseas art study (the “Huanqiuyimeng Acquisition”). After the completion of the Huanqiuyimeng Acquisition, the Company’s subsidiaries include Huanqiuyimeng and its subsidiaries.

 

the “WFOE” refers to ATA Education Technology (Beijing) Limited, formerly known as ATA Testing Authority (Beijing) Limited.

 

“China,” “Chinese” and “PRC” refer to the People’s Republic of China, excluding, for purposes of this annual report only, Taiwan and the Special Administrative Regions of Hong Kong and Macau.

 

all references to “Renminbi” or “RMB” are to the legal currency of China, and all references to “U.S. dollars,” “dollars,” “$” or “US$” are to the legal currency of the United States.

 

“U.S. GAAP” refers to generally accepted accounting principles in the United States.

 

“PRC GAAP” refers to generally accepted accounting principles in the People’s Republic of China.

 

“credit hour” refers to the standard unit we use to measure educational credit for our portfolio training services (as defined below) and other educational services; each credit hour roughly equals one hour of time committed by our teachers in our portfolio training services and other educational services.

This annual report on Form 20-F includes our audited consolidated financial statements as of December 31, 2020 and 2021 and for each of the years in the three-year period ended December 31, 2021, and the related notes. Each of our American depositary shares, or ADSs, represents two common shares. Our ADSs are listed on the Nasdaq Global Market, or Nasdaq, under the symbol “AACG”.

We conduct our business primarily in China and the majority of our revenues and expenses are denominated in Renminbi. The conversion of Renminbi into U.S. dollars in this annual report is based on the noon buying rate in the City of New York for cable transfers of Renminbi per U.S. dollars certified for customs purposes by the Federal Reserve Bank of New York, as set forth in the H.10 weekly statistical release of the Federal Reserve Board. Unless otherwise noted, all translations from Renminbi to U.S. dollars in this annual report are made at a rate of RMB 6.3726 to US$1.00, the noon buying rate in effect as of December 31, 2021. We make no representation that any Renminbi or U.S. dollar amounts could have been, or could be, converted into U.S. dollars or Renminbi, as the case may be, at any particular rate, or at all.

1


FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

This annual report on Form 20-F contains forward-looking statements that are based on our current expectations, assumptions, estimates and projections about us and our industry. All statements other than statements of historical facts in this annual report are forward-looking statements. In some cases, these forward-looking statements can be identified by words and phrases such as “may,” “should,” “intend,” “predict,” “potential,” “continue,” “will,” “expect,” “anticipate,” “estimate,” “plan,” “believe,” “is /are likely to” or the negative form of these words and phrases or other comparable expressions. The forward-looking statements included in this annual report relate to, among others:

 

our goals and strategies;

 

our future prospects and market acceptance of our products and services;

 

our future business development and results of operations;

 

our plans for mergers and acquisitions;

 

the impact of the sale of the ATA Online Business;

 

the impact of the Huanqiuyimeng Acquisition;

 

projected revenues, profits, earnings and other estimated financial information;

 

our plans to expand and enhance our products and services, and increase our online and hybrid offerings;

 

the potential market size and growth of our products and services;

 

competition in the market for our products and services;

 

Chinese laws, regulations and policies, including those applicable to the education industry, internet content providers, variable interest entity and foreign exchange;

 

the impact of the political tensions between the United States and China or other countries, and the impact of actual or potential international military actions;

 

the impact of the outbreak and continuing spread of the coronavirus disease, or COVID-19, and other pandemics or natural disasters; and

 

assumptions underlying or related to any of the foregoing.

These forward-looking statements involve various risks, assumptions and uncertainties. Although we believe that our expectations expressed in these forward-looking statements are reasonable, our expectations may turn out to be incorrect. Our actual results could be materially different from our expectations. Important risks and factors that could cause our actual results to be materially different from our expectations are generally set forth in “Item 3.D. Risk Factors” and elsewhere in this annual report.

The forward-looking statements made in this annual report relate only to events or information as of the date on which the statements are made in this annual report. All forward-looking statements included herein attributable to us or other parties or any person acting on our behalf are expressly qualified in their entirety by the cautionary statements contained or referred to in this section and under the heading “Risk Factors” below. Except to the extent required by applicable laws and regulations, we undertake no obligation to update any forward-looking statements to reflect events or circumstances after the date on which the statements are made or to reflect the occurrence of unanticipated events.

2


PART I.

ITEM 1. IDENTITY OF DIRECTORS, SENIOR MANAGEMENT AND ADVISERS

Not applicable.

ITEM 2. OFFER STATISTICS AND EXPECTED TIMETABLE

Not applicable.

ITEM 3. KEY INFORMATION

Overview

We are an international educational services provider focusing on providing quality international educational experiences related to the cultivation and improvement of students’ creativity. Currently, our principal product and service are portfolio training services which we provide to students in China who are interested in studying art overseas. We believe we are one of the leading players in the portfolio training market in many regards, including geographic coverage, product breadth and student enrollment, among others. To achieve our one-stop service strategy, we also provide research-based learning services, overseas study counselling services, in-school art classes through cooperation with high schools, foreign language training services, junior art education and other educational services to our students. We have successfully helped thousands of students in China gain entry into art universities and colleges in the U.S., UK, Europe, Japan, Australia and other countries, among which quite some have gained entry into top art universities and colleges in such countries. While working on developing new international education related products and services, we are also exploring acquisition opportunities in the international education sector to broaden our service spectrum.

For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2021, we had 4,287 students enrolled, of which 53.3% were enrolled in our portfolio training programs and the remainder were enrolled in our other programs. Our net revenues were RMB 97.8 million, RMB 162.2 million and RMB 202.2 million ($31.7 million) in the fiscal years ended December 31, 2019, 2020 and 2021, respectively.

We are not a Chinese operating company but a Cayman Islands holding company with operations conducted through our PRC subsidiary Huanqiuyimeng and its subsidiaries. The Company, through its wholly owned subsidiary ACG International Group Limited, or ACGIGL, holds 69.04% of the equity interests of Huanqiuyimeng. The Company also has the power to direct activities of the VIE through the WFOE and consolidates the VIE into its consolidated financial statements under U.S. GAAP. As of the date of this annual report, the VIE has no business operations of its own, but holds 30.96% equity interests in Huanqiuyimeng, and 70% equity interests in Beijing Zhenwu Technology Development Co., Ltd., or Beijing Zhenwu, a PRC company newly established in August 2021 for purpose of developing and marketing our project-based learning services in form of short-term art courses but has no business operations as of the date of this annual report. Other than holding equity interests in Huanqiuyimeng and Beijing Zhenwu, the VIE also holds minority investments in two PRC companies. Notwithstanding the foregoing, as we are currently expanding our online courses and other services, for which an internet content provision license, or ICP license, may be required under PRC law, we may elect to provide such services through the VIE in the future if and to the extent that an ICP license or any other license or permission not available for foreign-invested companies is required.  The variable interest entity structure is a structure commonly used to provide contractual exposure to foreign investment in China-based companies where PRC law prohibits direct foreign investment in the related Chinese operating companies, and investors may never be able to directly hold equity interests in the VIE. This structure involves unique risks to investors and PRC regulatory authorities could disallow our variable interest entity structure, which may result in a material change in our operations and/or value of our ADSs, including that it could cause the value of our ADSs to significantly decline or become worthless.  See “Item 3.D. Risk Factors — Risks Relating to our Corporate Structure.” for more detailed discussions.

We operate business primarily in China and are subject to complex and evolving PRC laws and regulations.  Uncertainties in the PRC legal system and the interpretation and enforcement of PRC laws and regulations could limit the legal protection available to you and us, hinder our ability to offer our ADSs in the future, result in a material adverse effect on our business operations, and damage our reputation, which might further cause our ADSs to significantly decline in value or become worthless.  See “Item 3.D. Risk Factors — Risks Relating to Doing Business in the People’s Republic of China.”

3


Recently, the PRC government initiated a series of regulatory actions and statements to regulate business operations and overseas listing in China with little advance notice, including cracking down on illegal activities in the securities market, enhancing supervision over China-based companies listed overseas using variable interest entity structure, publishing new regulations for public comment requiring Chinese companies conducting direct and indirect overseas securities offering and listing to complete filing procedure, adopting new measures to extend the scope of cybersecurity reviews, and expanding the efforts in anti-monopoly enforcement. Since these statements and regulatory actions are new or still evolving, it is highly uncertain what existing or new laws or regulations or detailed implementations and interpretations will be modified or promulgated, if any, and the potential impact of such modified or new laws and regulations will have on our daily business operation, the ability to accept foreign investments and list on an U.S. or other foreign exchange.  See “Item 3.D. Risk Factors — Risks Relating to Regulations of Our Business” and “Item 3.D. Risk Factors — Risks Relating to Doing Business in the People’s Republic of China.”

Our Corporate Structure

We are not a Chinese operating company but a Cayman Islands holding company with operations conducted through our PRC subsidiary Huanqiuyimeng and its subsidiaries. 69.04% of the equity interests of Huanqiuyimeng is indirectly owned by the Company through ACGIGL, a wholly owned subsidiary of the Company, and 30.96% equity interests of Huanqiuyimeng is owned by the VIE. We, through the WFOE, entered into a series of contractual arrangements with the VIE and its shareholders, including (i) powers of attorney under which we can exclusively exercise all rights of shareholders of the VIE; (ii) exclusive technical consulting and services agreement that allows us to have sole and exclusive right to provide specified technical and consulting services to the VIE and receive certain consulting fees from the VIE; (iii) call option and cooperation agreement and loan agreements that provide us with the option to purchase the equity interest in the VIE; and (iv) equity interest pledge agreements that guarantee the performance of the VIE and its shareholders’ obligations under the exclusive technical consulting and services agreement and the call option and cooperation agreement. Under U.S. GAAP, pursuant to such contractual arrangements, the Company (i) has the power, through the WFOE, to direct activities of the VIE that most significantly impact the economic performance of the VIE; and (ii) the obligation to absorb the losses and the right to receive benefits of the VIE that could potentially be significant to the VIE. As such, the Company is deemed to be the primary beneficiary of the VIE for accounting purposes and must consolidate the VIE. See “Item 4.A. History and Development of the Company — Our Consolidated Variable Interest Entity.” and “Item 4.A. History and Development of the Company — Contractual Arrangements with the VIE.”  However, these contractual arrangements may be less effective in providing operational control than direct ownership as the VIE’s shareholders may fail to perform their obligations under the contractual arrangements and we could incur substantial costs in enforcing these contractual arrangements if we are able to enforce these contractual arrangements at all. Our rights under such contractual arrangements have not been tested in a court of law, and we cannot assure you that a court would enforce our contractual rights. There are substantial uncertainties regarding the interpretation and application of current and future PRC laws, regulations, and rules relating to such contractual arrangements, including potential future actions by the PRC government, which could affect the enforceability of our contractual arrangements with the VIE, and consequently, significantly affect our financial condition and results of operations.  If the PRC government finds such agreements non-compliant with relevant PRC laws, regulations, and rules, we could be subject to severe penalties or be forced to relinquish our interests in the VIE or forfeit our rights under the contractual arrangements.  See “Item 3.D. Risk Factors — Risks Relating to our Corporate Structure.”

4


The following diagram illustrates the simplified corporate structure of us and the VIE as of the date of this annual report:

 

Notes:

 

(1)

ATA Creativity Global is the entity in which investors hold or can purchase their interest.

(2)

As of the date of this annual report, the VIE has no business operations of its own.

(3)

Beijing Zhenwu was established in August 2021 mainly for purposes of developing and marketing our project-based learning services in the form of short-term art courses, and has no substantive business operations as of the date of this annual report.

(4)

We conduct our operations through Huanqiuyimeng and its subsidiaries. Huanqiuyimeng provides most of the portfolio training services, overseas study counselling services and research-based learning services, as well as certain other educational services by itself, and also provides some of such services through its wholly or majority owned subsidiaries. Huanqiuyimeng has 9 directly or indirectly wholly owned subsidiaries and 6 directly or indirectly majority owned subsidiaries.

5


Government Regulations and Permissions

As of the date of this annual report, we believe that the Company, its subsidiaries and the VIE have received all requisite permissions and approvals from the PRC government authorities to operate their business in the PRC and offer securities to foreign investors, and no permissions or approvals have been denied. We have obtained an opinion from Jincheng Tongda & Neal Law Firm, our PRC legal counsel, with respect to all permissions and approvals necessary to operate our business in the PRC and offer securities to foreign investors. However, as PRC laws and regulations with respect to certain licenses and permissions are unclear and are subject to interpretations and enforcement of local governmental authorities, we may inadvertently conclude that certain permissions and approvals are not required but the regulators do not take the same view as we do. Also, if applicable laws, regulations or interpretations change, the Company, its subsidiaries and the VIE may be required to obtain additional licenses or approvals.

Below is a table summarizing (i) all permissions and approvals the Company, its subsidiaries or the VIE are required to obtain from the PRC government authorities for their business operations in the PRC as of the date of this annual report; (ii) permissions and approvals which we may inadvertently conclude are not required but the regulators may not take the same view as we do, and (iii) permissions and approvals that are not required as of the date of this annual report but we believe may be required in the future due to changes or passing of applicable laws, regulations, or interpretations, based on information available to the Company.

 

 

Permissions and approvals

Holders of permissions and approvals

Consequences for not obtaining such permissions and approvals

Permissions and approvals the Company, its subsidiaries or the VIE are required to obtain from the PRC government authorities for their business operations in the PRC

Business License

PRC subsidiaries of the Company and the VIE

Not applicable as all entities required to obtain such permissions and approvals have obtained such permissions and approvals.

Registration and Filing of Foreign-invested Enterprises

The WFOE and Huanqiuyimeng

Permissions and approvals which we may inadvertently conclude are not required but the regulators may not take the same view as we do

Operating Permit for Private School (see below for more detailed discussion)

Qingdao Haili Education Consultation Co., Ltd. has obtained an Operating Permit for Private School for our training center in Qingdao. Other than that, none of our training centers have obtained an Operating Permit for Private School

Our training centers may be subject to various penalties, including fines, orders to promptly rectify the non-compliance, or if the non-compliance is deemed serious by the regulators, our training centers may be ordered to return course and service fees collected and pay a multiple of the amount of returned course and/or service fees to regulators as a penalty or may even be ordered to cease operations, which could materially and adversely affect our business, results of operations, financial condition, and the value of our ADSs.

 

Travel Agency Business License (see below for more detailed discussion)

None

Our PRC subsidiaries engaged in research-based learning services may be subject to non-compliance rectification order, confiscation of illegal income from such business, or fines, which could materially and adversely affect our business, financial condition, results of operations and the value of our ADSs.

6


 

 

 

Permissions and approvals

Holders of permissions and approvals

Consequences for not obtaining such permissions and approvals

 

ICP license (see below for more detailed discussion)

The VIE

Our PRC subsidiaries delivering online courses services may be subject to non-compliance rectification order, confiscation of illegal income from such business, or fines; or if the non-compliance is deemed serious by the regulators, may be ordered to suspend business for rectification, which could materially and adversely affect our business, financial condition, results of operations and the value of our ADSs.

Permissions and approvals that are not required as of the date of this annual report but we believe may be required in the future due to changes or passing of applicable laws, regulations, or interpretations

Filing with the CSRC under the Overseas Offering and Listing Regulations Drafts (see below for more detailed discussion)

Not applicable

The PRC subsidiaries of the Company or the VIE may be subject to non-compliance rectification order, disciplinary conversations, warning letters, or fines, or if the non-compliance is deemed serious by the regulators, may be ordered to cease operations and subject to revocation of relevant business operation permissions or business licenses, which could materially and adversely affect our business, financial condition, and results of operations, and/or the value of our ADSs, or could significantly limit or completely hinder our ability to offer or continue to offer securities to investors and cause the value of such securities to significantly decline or be worthless.

Cybersecurity review clearance (see below for more detailed discussion)

Not applicable

The Company, its subsidiaries and the VIE may be required to suspend relevant business, shut down relevant website, or face other penalties, which could materially and adversely affect our business, financial condition, and results of operations, and/or the value of our ADSs, or could significantly limit or completely hinder our ability to offer or continue to offer securities to investors and cause the value of such securities to significantly decline or be worthless.

7


 

 

 

Permissions and approvals

Holders of permissions and approvals

Consequences for not obtaining such permissions and approvals

 

Security Assessment of Cross-border Transfer of Personal Information/ Personal Information Protection Certification

Not applicable

The Company, its subsidiaries and the VIE may be subject to non-compliance rectification order, warning, confiscation of illegal income or fines, or if the non-compliance is deemed serious by the regulators, suspension of relevant business and revocation of relevant business operation permissions or business licenses, which could materially and adversely affect our business, financial condition, and results of operations, and/or the value of our ADSs.

Clearance under the Draft Confidentiality Provisions (see below for more detailed discussion)

Not applicable

The Company, its subsidiaries and the VIE may be subject to investigation, fines and other penalties; and if any related behavior is suspected as a crime, may be subject to criminal penalties, which could materially and adversely affect our business, financial condition, and results of operations, and/or the value of our ADSs.

Potential Permissions and Approvals for Business Operations

Operating Permit for Private School

According to the Law for Promoting Private Education, as amended by the Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress of the PRC, or the NPC, on December 29, 2018 (the “Amended Private Education Law”), and the Amended Implementation Rules for the Law for Promoting Private Education newly promulgated by the State Council on April 7, 2021 which became effective since September 1, 2021 (the “Amended Implementation Rules”), private schools are required to obtain operating permits from relevant PRC authorities for carrying out educational activities.  Although the Amended Private Education Law generally states that private education institutions are also included in the category of “private schools”, as of the date of this annual report, relevant implementing rules only require private education institutions providing tutoring services on academic subjects for K-12 students and certain vocational skill education services to obtain private school operating permits, and there are no implementing rules that require private education institutions focusing on art or other non-academic cultural education to obtain private school operating permits.  To date, our PRC subsidiaries operating our training centers have not received any notifications which require them to obtain private school operating permits.  However, since related regulatory regime of education industry in the PRC continues to rapidly evolve, the interpretations of relevant regulations and rules are not always uniform, and the enforcement of relevant regulations and rules involve uncertainties, we cannot assure you that our training centers will not be classified as “private schools” and thus be required to obtain the private school operating permits by the regulators due to any future and further development, interpretation and enforcement of relevant regulations and rules.  To date, only one of our training centers in Qingdao has obtained an private school operating permit.  If we inadvertently conclude that such permissions are not required but the regulators do not take the same view as we do, our training centers may be subject to various penalties, including fines, orders to promptly rectify the non-compliance, or if the non-compliance is deemed serious by the regulators, our training centers may be ordered to return course and service fees collected and pay a multiple of the amount of returned course and/or service fees to regulators as a penalty or may even be ordered to cease operations.  If this occurs, our business, results of operations, financial condition and the value of our ADSs could be materially and adversely affected.

Operating Permit for Travel-related Activity

The Tourism Law of the PRC, which was promulgated by the Standing Committee of the NPC and most recently amended on October 26, 2018, provides that, among other things, to engage in the businesses of outbound tourism, a travel agency shall obtain the corresponding business permit, and the specific conditions shall be provided for by the State Council and that when organizing an outbound touring group, or organizing or receiving an inbound touring group, a travel agency shall, in accordance with the relevant provisions, arrange for a tour leader or tour guide to accompany the touring group in the whole tour. Regulations on Travel Agencies

8


promulgated by the State Council, revised on November 29, 2020, and the implementation rules of Regulations on Travel Agencies, provide that, among other things, the travel agency shall mean any entity that engages in the business of attracting, organizing, and receiving tourists, providing tourism services for tourists and operating domestic, inbound or outbound tourism; the aforementioned business shall include but not limit to arranging for transport services, arranging for accommodation services, providing services for tour guides or team leaders, providing services of tourism consultation and tourism activities design. According to the Regulations on Travel Agencies and its implementation rules, any tourism agency engages in domestic and outbound tourism shall apply for corresponding permits to engage in such tourism activities from the administrative department of tourism under the State Council, the governments of provinces, autonomous regions, or municipalities. With respect to our research-based learning services, our PRC subsidiaries cooperate with third party travel agencies which have travel agency permits for our educational travel activities, such as accommodation and tour guiding. We don’t think our PRC subsidiaries engaged in such travel-related activities under their cooperation with third party travel are also required to obtain travel agency permits under the current law rules, and such PRC subsidiaries have not received any notifications which require them to obtain travel agency permit.  If we inadvertently conclude that such permissions are not required but the regulators do not take the same view as we do, the relevant regulators may order such PRC subsidiaries to rectify the non-compliance, confiscate the illegal income from such business and impose fines on such PRC subsidiaries.  If this occurs, our business, results of operations, financial condition and the value of our ADSs could be materially and adversely affected.

ICP license

On September 25, 2000, the State Council promulgated the Administrative Measures on Internet Information Services, or the Internet Measures, which was amended in January 2011.  Under the Internet Measures, commercial internet information services operators shall obtain an ICP license from the relevant government authorities before engaging in any commercial internet information services operations within the PRC.  According to the Special Administrative Measures for Market Access of Foreign Investment (Negative List) (2021 Edition), the provision of information services falls in the restricted category and the percentage of foreign ownership cannot exceed 50%.  Since the outbreak of the COVID-19, we have shifted some of our offline courses to online courses and provided them to our students through online platforms of third party IT service providers. We believe that our PRC subsidiaries providing such online courses are not required to obtain the ICP license as they have not developed their own platforms but delivered such courses through third party online platforms.  To date, our PRC subsidiaries have not received any notifications from PRC governmental authorities to require them to obtain the ICP license.  However, since the enforcement of relevant regulations and rules involve uncertainties, we cannot assure you that the regulators will take the same view as we do.  If we inadvertently conclude that the ICP license is not required for our PRC subsidiaries, our PRC subsidiaries delivering online courses services may be subject to non-compliance rectification order, confiscation of illegal proceeds, or fines; or if the non-compliance is deemed serious by the regulators, may be ordered to suspend business for rectification.  If this occurs, our business, results of operations, financial condition and the value of our ADSs could be materially and adversely affected. To date, none of our PRC subsidiaries have obtained the ICP license due to the foreign investment restriction for the ICP license, but the VIE has obtained the ICP license to preserve our flexibility to operate relevant business. If the ICP license is required in the future or we choose to provide information services through our own online platform, we will transfer relevant businesses to the VIE to comply with the compliance requirements.

Potential Permissions and Approvals for Offering Securities to Foreign Investors

The Crackdown Opinion

On July 6, 2021, the General Office of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China and the General Office of the State Council jointly issued the Opinions on Severe and Lawful Crackdown on Illegal Securities Activities, or the Crackdown Opinions.  The Crackdown Opinions emphasized the need to strengthen the administration over illegal securities activities and the supervision on overseas listings by China-based companies.  The Crackdown Opinions proposed to take effective measures, such as promoting the construction of relevant regulatory systems to deal with the risks and incidents facing China-based overseas-listed companies and the demand for cybersecurity and data privacy protection.  As of the date of this annual report, we believe the permission and approval of the China Securities Regulatory Commission, or the CSRC, is not required for the Company, its subsidiaries and the VIE in connection with our listing on Nasdaq, but as the Crackdown Opinions were recently issued, official guidance and interpretation of the opinions remain unclear in several respects at this time, we cannot assure you that the Company, its subsidiaries and the VIE will remain fully compliant with all new regulatory requirements of the Crackdown Opinions or any future implementation rules on a timely basis, or at all.  If the Company, its subsidiaries and the VIE are unable to obtain such permission or approval if required in the future, our securities may be delisted from Nasdaq and/or the value of our ADSs may significantly decline or become worthless. See “Item 3.D. Risk Factors — Risks Relating to Regulations of Our Business — The approval, filing or other requirements of the CSRC or other PRC government authorities may be required under PRC law in connection with our issuance of securities overseas.”

9


Filing with the CSRC under the Overseas Offering and Listing Regulations Drafts

Further to the Crackdown opinion, on December 24, 2021, the CSRC published Provisions of the State Council on the Administration of Overseas Securities Offering and Listing by Domestic Companies (Draft for Comments) (the “Draft Overseas Offering and Listing Provisions”) and the Administrative Measures for the Filing of Overseas Securities Offering and Listing by Domestic Companies (Draft for Comments) (the “Draft Registration Measures”, and collectively with the Draft Overseas Offering and Listing Provisions, the “Overseas Offering and Listing Regulations Drafts”), which provide principles and guidelines for direct and indirect issuance of securities overseas by a Chinese domestic company.  Under the Overseas Offering and Listing Regulations Drafts, the substance rather than the form of issuance will govern when determining whether an issuance constitutes “indirect issuance of securities overseas by a Chinese domestic company”, and in the event any listing or issuance of securities falls under such definition, the issuer shall assign one of its related major Chinese domestic operating entities to make filings with CSRC within three business days after its initial public offering or any offerings after the initial public offering. As of the date of this annual report, the Company, its subsidiaries and the VIE are not required to make filings with or obtain approval from CSRC in order to maintain the listing status of our common shares on Nasdaq or to conduct offerings of securities as the Offering and Listing Regulations Drafts have not been issued and taken effect. It is uncertain when the final regulations of the Overseas Offering and Listing Regulations Drafts will be issued and take effect, and how they will be enacted, interpreted or implemented.  We cannot assure you that the Company, its subsidiaries and the VIE will not in the future be required to make filings with or obtain approvals from the CSRC or potentially other regulatory authorities in order to maintain the listing status of our common shares on Nasdaq or to conduct offerings of securities in the future.  In the event that it is determined that the Company, its subsidiaries and the VIE are required to make filings with or obtain approvals from the CSRC or any other regulatory authority but fail to make such filings or obtain such approvals timely or at all, the PRC subsidiaries of the Company or the VIE may be subject to non-compliance rectification order, disciplinary conversations, warning letters, or fines, or if the non-compliance is deemed serious by the regulators, may be ordered to cease operations and subject to revocation of relevant business operation permissions or business licenses, which could materially and adversely affect our business, financial condition, and results of operations, and/or the value of our ADSs, or could significantly limit or completely hinder our ability to offer or continue to offer securities to investors and cause the value of such securities to significantly decline or be worthless.  See “Item 3.D. Risk Factors — Risks Relating to Regulations of Our Business — The approval, filing or other requirements of the CSRC or other PRC government authorities may be required under PRC law in connection with our issuance of securities overseas.”

Cybersecurity Review

On December 28, 2021, the Cyberspace Administration of China, or the CAC, published the Measures for Cybersecurity Review (the “Cybersecurity Review Measures”), which became effective on February 15, 2022, pursuant to which, (i) critical information infrastructure operators purchasing network products and services that affect or may affect national security, (ii) internet platform operators engaging in data processing activities that affect or may affect national security, and (iii) any internet platform operator possessing personal information of more than one million users and applying for listing on a foreign exchange, shall be subject to the cybersecurity review by the CAC.  We believe the Company, its subsidiaries and the VIE would not be subject to the cybersecurity review by the CAC, given that the Company, its subsidiaries and the VIE do not possess a large amount of personal information in our business operations, and data processed in our business does not have a bearing on national security and thus may not be classified as core or important data by the authorities.  However, there remains uncertainty as to how the Cybersecurity Review Measures will be interpreted or implemented and whether the PRC regulatory agencies, including the CAC, may adopt new laws, regulations, rules, or detailed implementation and interpretation related to the Cybersecurity Review Measures.  If the relevant laws, regulations or interpretations change in the future and the Company, its subsidiaries and the VIE are subject to mandatory cybersecurity review and other specific actions required by the CAC, we will face uncertainty as to whether any clearance or other required actions can be timely completed, or at all.  If not, the Company, its subsidiaries and the VIE may be required to suspend relevant business, shut down relevant website, or face other penalties, which could materially and adversely affect our business, financial condition, and results of operations, and/or the value of our ADSs, or could significantly limit or completely hinder our ability to offer or continue to offer securities to investors and cause the value of such securities to significantly decline or be worthless.  As of the date of this annual report, the Company, its subsidiaries and the VIE have not received any notice from regulatory authorities requiring us to go through the cybersecurity review by the CAC. See “Item 3.D. Risk Factors — Risks Relating to Regulations of Our Business — The approval, filing or other requirements of the CSRC or other PRC government authorities may be required under PRC law in connection with our issuance of securities overseas.” and “Item 3.D. Risk Factors — Risks Relating to Regulations of Our Business — Failure to comply with regulations relating to information security and privacy protection, breaches or perceived breaches of our security measures relating to our service offerings, unauthorized disclosure or misuse of personal data through breaches of our computer systems or otherwise, could result in negative publicity and loss of students, expose us to protracted and costly litigation, and harm our business and results of operations.  Additionally, it is unclear whether we will be subject to the oversight of the CAC and how such oversight may impact us.”

10


Security Assessment of Cross-border Transfer of Personal Information/Personal Information Protection Certification

On August 20, 2021, the Standing Committee of the NPC promulgated the Personal Information Protection Law, which took effect on November 1, 2021, pursuant to which, the personal information processor, where it is necessary to transfer personal information out of the PRC for business and other needs, shall satisfy one of the following conditions: (i) passing the security assessment by the national cyberspace authorities; (ii) being certified by professional organizations for personal information protection; (iii) entering into contracts providing the rights and obligations of both parties with overseas recipients in accordance with the standard contract formulated by the national cyberspace authorities; and (iv) other conditions specified by laws, administration regulations and the national cyberspace authorities. The personal information processors shall take necessary measures to ensure that the activities of the overseas recipients handling personal information meet the standards of personal information protection stipulated in the Personal Information Protection Law. If a personal information processor provides personal information cross the border of the PRC, it shall inform the information owners the name and contact information of the overseas recipients, the purpose and manner of information processing, the type of personal information, and the manner and procedure for the information owners to exercise their rights under the Personal Information Protection Law over the overseas recipients, and obtain consent of the information owners. As of the date of this annual report, the amount of personal information transmitted by the Company, its subsidiaries and the VIE across the border is relatively small, and none of them has received any notice from the national cyberspace authorities requiring them to conduct security assessment.  As the national cyberspace authorities have not yet authorized any professional organizations to conduct personal information protection certification or formulated a standard model contract with overseas recipients, the Company, its subsidiaries and the VIE would not have any access to complete the personal information protection certification or enter into standard model contracts with overseas recipients as of the date of this annual report. However, if the relevant laws, regulations or interpretations change in the future and the Company, its subsidiaries and the VIE are subject to security assessment or personal information protection certification, we will face uncertainty as to whether any required actions can be timely completed, or at all.  If not, the Company, its subsidiaries and the VIE may be subject to non-compliance rectification, warning, confiscation of illegal income or fines, or if the non-compliance is deemed serious by the regulators, suspension of relevant business and revocation of relevant business operation permissions or business licenses, which could materially and adversely affect our business, financial condition, and results of operations, and/or the value of our ADSs.  See “Item 3.D. Risk Factors — Risks Relating to Regulations of Our Business — Failure to comply with regulations relating to information security and privacy protection, breaches or perceived breaches of our security measures relating to our service offerings, unauthorized disclosure or misuse of personal data through breaches of our computer systems or otherwise, could result in negative publicity and loss of students, expose us to protracted and costly litigation, and harm our business and results of operations.  Additionally, it is unclear whether we will be subject to the oversight of the CAC and how such oversight may impact us.”

Clearance under the Draft Confidentiality Provisions

On April 2, 2022, the CSRC published Provisions on Strengthening the Relevant Confidentiality and Archives Management Work Relating to the Overseas Issuance of Securities and Listing of Domestic Enterprises (Draft for Comments) (the “Draft Confidentiality Provisions”). According to the Draft Confidentiality Provisions, both “direct issuance of securities overseas by a Chinese domestic company” and “indirect issuance of securities overseas by a Chinese domestic company” (i.e., issuance of securities by relevant overseas holding company) shall be subject to the Draft Confidentiality Provisions.  Domestic enterprises that provide, publicly disclose files and documents that contain state secrets and work secrets of the authorities to relevant securities companies, securities service agencies, foreign regulatory agencies and other institutions and individuals or do so through its overseas listing entities, shall obtain the approval of the competent authorities, file with the competent confidentiality administrative authorities.  As of the date of this annual report, the Draft Confidentiality Provisions has not been officially issued and taken effect. It is uncertain when the final regulations of the Draft Confidentiality Provisions will be officially issued and take effect, and how it will be enacted, interpreted or implemented.  We believe the Company, its subsidiaries and the VIE would not be subject to clearance under the Draft Confidentiality Provisions as the Company, its subsidiaries and the VIE do not possess any document or file that involves state secrets or work secrets of the authorities.  As of the date of this annual report, the Company, its subsidiaries and the VIE have not received any notice from regulatory authorities requiring them to obtain the foregoing approval or complete any of the forgoing procedures.  However, if the relevant laws, regulations or interpretations change in the future and the Company, its subsidiaries and the VIE are subject to such clearance, we will face uncertainty as to whether any required approval can be timely obtained and any actions can be timely completed, or at all.  If not, the Company, its subsidiaries and the VIE may be subject to investigation, fines and other penalties; and if any related behavior is suspected as a crime, may be subject to criminal penalties, which could materially and adversely affect our business, financial condition, and results of operations, and/or the value of our ADSs. See “Item 3.D. Risk Factors — Risks Relating to Regulations of Our Business — The approval, filing or other requirements of the CSRC or other PRC government authorities may be required under PRC law in connection with our issuance of securities overseas.”

11


Transfer of Cash within Our Organization

We adopt a holding company structure, and our holding companies may rely on dividends and other distributions on equity paid by our current and future PRC subsidiaries or cash paid by the VIE under the VIE arrangement for their cash requirements, including the funds necessary to service any debt we may incur or financing we may need for operations not carried through our PRC subsidiaries or the VIE. Due to restrictions on foreign exchange placed on our PRC subsidiaries and the VIE by the PRC government under PRC laws and regulations, to the extent cash is located in the PRC or within a PRC domiciled entity and may need to be used to fund our operations outside of the PRC, the funds may not be available due to such limitations unless and until related approvals and registrations are obtained.  See “— Restrictions on Foreign Exchange and Our Ability to Transfer Cash Between Entities, Across Borders, and to U.S. Investors, and Restrictions and Limitations on Our Ability to Distribute Earnings from Our Businesses” for more detailed discussions.

The Company may transfer funds to ATA BVI, Xing Wei and ACGIGL through capital contribution into or a shareholder loan to such subsidiaries respectively. ATA BVI and ACGIGL may transfer funds through capital contribution into or a shareholder loan to the WFOE and Huanqiuyimeng respectively.  The WFOE and Huanqiuyimeng may transfer funds to their respective subsidiaries through capital contribution into or a shareholder loan to them.  The WFOE provides services including comprehensive business support, technical services, and consultancy, in exchange for service fees from the VIE.  The WFOE may also provide loans to the VIE, subject to statutory limits and restrictions. In addition, the VIE may also receive dividends from its subsidiaries or investing companies, including Huanqiuyimeng, Beijing Zhenwu, and others.

The following diagram illustrates the typical fund flow through our organization (including the VIE).

 

 

12


 

Cash Flow and Assets Transfer between the Company, Its Subsidiaries, and the VIE

For the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2020, the Company received cash inflows of US$8.8 million and US$1.2 million, respectively, from new investors through private placements. See line item of “Cash flows from financing activities - Cash received upon private placement” in the Company’s condensed consolidating schedule depicting the consolidated cash flows under “— VIE Consolidation Schedule” (the “Condensed Cash Flow Schedule”) for fiscal years 2019 and 2020, and the Company’s consolidated statements of cash flows for fiscal years 2019 and 2020. The Company received RMB4.1 million from subsidiaries of the Company and paid RMB9,692 to subsidiaries of the Company, respectively, for the year ended December 31, 2021. See line item of “Cash flows from investing activities - Cash received from inter-companies/Cash paid to inter-companies” in the Condensed Cash Flow Schedule for fiscal year 2021.

Cash is transferred from the Company to its subsidiaries through shareholder loan and capital contribution. For the year ended December 31, 2019, ATA BVI, a subsidiary of the Company, provided a loan of US$2.0 million to its subsidiaries. These cash flows were classified as investing activities of ATA BVI and financing activities of its subsidiaries, respectively, and were eliminated within the column of “Subsidiaries of the Company” of the Condensed Cash Flow Schedule for fiscal year 2019. See note 6 to the Condensed Cash Flow Schedule for fiscal year 2019. For the year ended December 31, 2020, ATA BVI made capital contribution of US$5.0 million to its subsidiaries. These cash flows were classified as investing activities of ATA BVI and financing activities of its subsidiaries, respectively, and were eliminated within the column of “Subsidiaries of the Company” of the Condensed Cash Flow Schedule for fiscal year 2020. See note 3 to the Condensed Cash Flow Schedule for fiscal year 2020. For the year ended December 31, 2020, the Company transferred RMB72.8 million, primarily the proceeds it received from the private placement, to its subsidiaries in support of their operations. See line items of “Cash flows from investing activities – Cash paid to inter-companies” and “Cash flows from financing activities – Cash received from inter-companies” in the Condensed Cash Flow Schedule for fiscal year 2020. The Company also received RMB3.8 million from its subsidiaries as repayment of financial support from the Company. See line items of “Cash flows from investing activities – Cash received from inter-companies” and “Cash flows from financing activities – Cash paid to inter-companies” in the Condensed Cash Flow Schedule for fiscal year 2020 and note 4 thereto. For the year ended December 31, 2021, subsidiaries of ATA BVI repaid RMB2.7 million to ATA BVI in relation to the loan borrowed from ATA BVI during the year ended December 31, 2019. This cash flow was classified as investing activities of ATA BVI and financing activities of its subsidiaries, respectively, and was eliminated within the column of “Subsidiaries of the Company” of the Condensed Cash Flow Schedule for fiscal year 2021. See note 1 to the Condensed Cash Flow Schedule for fiscal year 2021.

To date, we and the VIE have not distributed any earnings or settled any amounts owed under the VIE Agreements (defined below). We and the VIE do not currently have any plans to distribute earnings or settle amounts owed under the VIE Agreements.  

For the years ended December 31, 2019, 2020 and 2021, due to the fact that the VIE did not provide material services, the VIE did not generate material cash inflows from the delivery of services, and its cash inflows were primarily provided via loan arrangement from subsidiaries of the Company. For the years ended December 31, 2019, 2020 and 2021, the VIE borrowed RMB42.0 million, RMB15.1 million and RMB5.9 million from subsidiaries of the Company respectively. The VIE repaid RMB28.0 million and RMB250,000 to subsidiaries of the Company during the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2021 respectively. See line items of “Cash flows from investing activities – Cash paid to inter-companies/Cash received from inter-companies” and “Cash flows from financing activities – Cash received from inter-companies/Cash repaid to inter-companies” in the Condensed Cash Flow Schedule for fiscal years 2019, 2020 and 2021. As of December 31, 2021, the outstanding payables due from the VIE to subsidiaries of the Company were RMB62.8 million, which was eliminated during the consolidation process. See note 1 to the condensed consolidating schedule depicting the consolidated balance sheets as of December 31, 2021. These cash flows were classified as investing activities of subsidiaries of the Company and financing activities of the VIE, respectively.

The WFOE provided loans of RMB0.9 million and RMB0.1 million to Mr. Xiaofeng Ma (Chairman and CEO of the Company) and Mr. Haichang Xiong (former General Legal Counsel of the Company), nominee shareholders of the VIE, as initial capital contribution into the VIE in April 2018, respectively. In December 2018, the WFOE provided additional loans of RMB8.1 million and RMB0.9 million to Mr. Xiaofeng Ma and Mr. Haichang Xiong as capital contribution into the VIE, respectively. In April and June 2019, the WFOE provided additional loans in total of RMB36.0 million and RMB4.0 million to Mr. Xiaofeng Ma and Mr. Haichang Xiong as another round of capital contribution into the VIE, respectively. See the line items of “Cash flows from investing activities - Cash lent to nominee shareholders of the VIE” and “Cash flows from financing activities - Cash received from nominee shareholders of the VIE” in the Condensed Cash Flow Schedule for fiscal year 2019. In August 2020, the prior nominee shareholder Mr. Haichang Xiong transferred his 10% equity shares in the VIE to Mr. Jun Zhang (President and Director of the Company, or “new nominee shareholder”) and paid back the entire RMB5.0 million loan to the WFOE. The WFOE provided a loan in RMB5.0 million to Mr. Jun Zhang to acquire the 10% equity interests of the VIE. See line item of “Cash flows from investing activities - Cash received upon repayment of loan to a nominee shareholder of the VIE/ Cash paid for issuance loan to a nominee shareholder of the VIE” respectively in the Condensed Cash Flow Schedule for fiscal year 2020 and note 5 thereto. These cash flows were classified as the related subsidiaries’ investing activities and financing activities of the VIE, respectively. As of December 31, 2021, receivables due from Mr. Xiaofeng Ma and Mr. Jun Zhang in the balance of RMB45.0 million and RMB5.0 million respectively were recorded as the receivables due from related parties for VIE. See note 2 to the condensed consolidating schedule depicting the consolidated balance sheets as of December 31, 2021.

13


Other than the above, no assets were transferred among the Company, its subsidiaries, and the VIE for the years ended December 31, 2019, 2020 and 2021.

Dividends or Distributions Made to the Company and Tax Consequences Thereof

The Company’s subsidiaries and the VIE did not make any dividends or distributions to the Company in the fiscal years ended December 31, 2019, 2020 and 2021. If any dividend is paid by our PRC subsidiaries to the Company in the future, under the PRC Enterprise Income Tax Law, or the EIT Law, and its implementation rules, dividends from our PRC subsidiaries to its non-PRC shareholders may be subject to a 10% withholding tax if such dividends are derived from profits. If the Company or its offshore subsidiaries are deemed to be a PRC resident enterprise (we do not currently consider the Company or its offshore subsidiaries to be PRC resident enterprises), the withholding tax may be exempted, but the Company or its offshore subsidiaries will be subject to a 25% tax on our worldwide income, and our non-PRC enterprise investors may be subject to PRC income tax withholding at a rate of 10%. See “Item 3.D. Risk Factors — Risks Relating to Regulations of Our Business — Under the EIT Law, we may be classified as a ‘resident enterprise’ of China. Such classification will likely result in unfavorable tax consequences to us and U.S. holders of our ADSs or common shares” and “Item 10.E. Taxation — People’s Republic of China Taxation.”  If any payment is made from the VIE to the WFOE pursuant to the contractual arrangements between them, such payments will be subject to PRC taxes, including business taxes and value-added tax, or VAT.

Dividends or Distributions Made to the U.S. Investors and Tax Consequences Thereof

The Company did not make any dividends or distributions to its shareholders in the fiscal years ended December 31, 2019, 2020 and 2021. Any future determination to pay dividends will be made at the discretion of our board of directors and will be based upon our future operations and earnings, capital requirements and surplus, general financial condition, shareholders’ interests, contractual restrictions and other factors our board of directors may deem relevant.

Under the current laws of the Cayman Islands, no Cayman Islands withholding tax is imposed upon any payments of dividends by the Company. However, if the Company is considered a PRC tax resident enterprise for tax purposes (we do not currently consider the Company to be a PRC resident enterprise), any dividends that the Company pays to its overseas shareholders may be regarded as China-sourced income and as a result may be subject to PRC withholding tax. See “Item 3.D. Risk Factors — Risks Relating to Regulations of Our Business — Under the EIT Law, we may be classified as a ‘resident enterprise’ of China. Such classification will likely result in unfavorable tax consequences to us and U.S. holders of our ADSs or common shares” and “Item 10.E. Taxation — People’s Republic of China Taxation.”

In addition, subject to the passive foreign investment company rules, the gross amount of any distribution that the Company makes to investors with respect to our ADSs or common shares (including any amounts withheld to reflect PRC withholding taxes) will be taxable as a dividend, to the extent paid out of our current or accumulated earnings and profits, as determined under United States federal income tax principles. See “Item 10.E. Taxation — United States Federal Income Taxation.”

Restrictions on Foreign Exchange and Our Ability to Transfer Cash Between Entities, Across Borders, and to U.S. Investors, and Restrictions and Limitations on Our Ability to Distribute Earnings from Our Businesses

We are not a Chinese operating company but a Cayman Islands holding company with operations conducted through our PRC subsidiary Huanqiuyimeng and its subsidiaries and we may elect to provide such services through the VIE in the future.  Due to restrictions on foreign exchange placed on our PRC subsidiaries and the VIE by the PRC government under PRC laws and regulations, to the extent cash is located in the PRC or within a PRC domiciled entity and may need to be used to fund our operations outside of the PRC, the funds may not be available due to such limitations unless and until related approvals and registrations are obtained.  As a result, although other means are available for us to obtain financing at the Company level, the Company’s ability to fund operations not carried through our PRC subsidiaries or the VIE, pay dividends to its shareholders, or service any debt it may incur may depend upon dividends paid by our PRC subsidiaries and license and service fees paid by the VIE.  If any of our PRC subsidiaries or the VIE incurs debt on its own in the future, the instruments governing such debt may restrict its ability to pay dividends to the Company.  If any of our PRC subsidiaries or the VIE is unable to receive all or the majority of the revenues from their operations, we may be unable to pay dividends on our ADSs or common shares.

14


The PRC government imposes controls on the convertibility of Renminbi into foreign currencies and, in certain cases, the remittance of currency out of China.  The majority of our revenue is or will be received in Renminbi and shortages in foreign currencies may restrict our ability to pay dividends or other payments.  Under existing PRC foreign exchange regulations, payments of current account items, including profit distributions, interest payments and expenditures from trade-related transactions, can be made in foreign currencies without prior approval from the State Administration of Foreign Exchange, or SAFE, as long as certain procedural requirements are met.  Approval from or filing with appropriate government authorities is required if Renminbi is converted into foreign currency and remitted out of China to pay capital expenses such as the repayment of loans denominated in foreign currencies.  The PRC government may, at its discretion, impose restrictions on access to foreign currencies for current account transactions and if this occurs in the future, we may not be able to pay dividends in foreign currencies to our shareholders or repay our loans.

Also, PRC legal restrictions permit payments of dividends by our PRC subsidiaries only out of their accumulated after-tax profits, if any, determined in accordance with PRC GAAP.  Each of our PRC subsidiaries is also required under PRC laws and regulations to allocate at least 10% of its after-tax profits determined in accordance with PRC GAAP to statutory reserves until such reserves reach 50% of its registered capital.  Allocations to these statutory reserves and funds can only be used for specific purposes and are not transferable to us in the form of loans, advances or cash dividends.  In addition, registered share capital and capital reserve accounts are also restricted from withdrawal in the PRC, up to the amount of net assets held in each operating subsidiary.  See “Item 3.D. Risk factors — Risks Relating to Regulations of Our Business — Because we may rely on dividends and other distributions on equity paid by our current and future PRC subsidiaries for our cash requirements, restrictions under Chinese law on their ability to make such payments could materially and adversely affect our ability to grow, make investments or acquisitions that could benefit our business, pay dividends to you, and otherwise fund and conduct our businesses.”

In addition, there are substantial uncertainties regarding the interpretation and application of current and future PRC laws, regulations and rules relating to VIE Agreements, and the VIE Agreements with the VIE and its shareholders may not be as effective as direct ownership in providing us with control over the VIE. The uncertainty with respect to the validity and enforceability of the VIE Agreements may limit our ability to settle amounts owed under the VIE Agreements. See “Item 3.D. Risk Factors — Risks Relating to Our Corporate Structure.”

VIE Consolidation Schedule

The following tables present the Company’s condensed consolidating schedule depicting the consolidated statements of comprehensive income (loss) for the fiscal years ended December 31, 2019, 2020 and 2021 of the Company, its subsidiaries, the VIE, and the corresponding eliminating adjustments separately.

 

 

 

Year Ended December 31,

 

 

 

2021

 

 

 

The Company

 

 

Subsidiaries

of the

Company

 

 

VIE

 

 

Elimination

adjustments

 

 

 

 

Consolidated

 

 

 

RMB

 

 

RMB

 

 

RMB

 

 

RMB

 

 

 

 

RMB

 

Net revenues

 

 

 

 

202,209,465

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

202,209,465

 

Cost and expenses:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cost of revenues

 

 

90,029

 

 

 

97,323,886

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

97,413,915

 

Operating expenses

 

 

6,412,398

 

 

 

163,895,033

 

 

 

1,032,971

 

 

 

(133,351

)

 

(1)

 

 

171,207,051

 

Total cost and expenses

 

 

6,502,427

 

 

 

261,218,919

 

 

 

1,032,971

 

 

 

(133,351

)

 

 

 

 

268,620,966

 

Other operating income, net

 

 

 

 

155,369

 

 

 

 

 

(133,351

)

 

(1)

 

 

22,018

 

Loss from operations

 

 

(6,502,427

)

 

 

(58,854,085

)

 

 

(1,032,971

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

(66,389,483

)

Other income

 

94

 

 

 

894,258

 

 

 

3,283

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

897,635

 

Investment loss

 

 

(5,120,016

)

 

 

 

 

(7,042,524

)

 

 

12,162,540

 

 

(2)

 

 

Gain on disposal of subsidiaries and others

 

 

 

 

33,542,154

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

33,542,154

 

Impairment loss of long-term investments

 

 

 

 

 

 

(6,000,000

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

(6,000,000

)

Loss from operations before income taxes

 

 

(11,622,349

)

 

 

(24,417,673

)

 

 

(14,072,212

)

 

 

12,162,540

 

 

 

 

 

(37,949,694

)

Income tax benefit

 

 

 

 

(1,539,577

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(1,539,577

)

Loss from operations, net of income taxes

 

 

(11,622,349

)

 

 

(22,878,096

)

 

 

(14,072,212

)

 

 

12,162,540

 

 

 

 

 

(36,410,117

)

Net loss

 

 

(11,622,349

)

 

 

(22,878,096

)

 

 

(14,072,212

)

 

 

12,162,540

 

 

 

 

 

(36,410,117

)

Net loss attributable to non-controlling interests

 

 

 

 

(9,747,545

)

 

 

(55,503

)

 

 

7,042,524

 

 

(2)

 

 

(2,760,524

)

Net loss attributable to ATA Creativity Global

 

 

(11,622,349

)

 

 

(13,130,551

)

 

 

(14,016,709

)

 

 

5,120,016

 

 

 

 

 

(33,649,593

)

15


 

 

 

 

Year Ended December 31,

 

 

 

2020

 

 

 

The

Company

 

 

Subsidiaries

of the

Company

 

 

VIE

 

 

Elimination

adjustments

 

 

 

 

Consolidated

 

 

 

RMB

 

 

RMB

 

 

RMB

 

 

RMB

 

 

 

 

RMB

 

Net revenues

 

 

 

 

162,167,547

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

162,167,547

 

Cost and expenses:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cost of revenues

 

 

 

 

98,521,027

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

98,521,027

 

Impairment loss of intangible assets

 

 

 

 

3,120,425

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3,120,425

 

Provision for loan receivable and other receivables

 

 

3,943,902

 

 

 

1,960,403

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

5,904,305

 

Operating expenses

 

 

10,748,782

 

 

 

151,212,911

 

 

 

468,695

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

162,430,388

 

Total cost and expenses

 

 

14,692,684

 

 

 

254,814,766

 

 

 

468,695

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

269,976,145

 

Other operating income, net

 

 

 

 

330,224

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

330,224

 

Loss from operations

 

 

(14,692,684

)

 

 

(92,316,995

)

 

 

(468,695

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

(107,478,374

)

Other income

 

 

63,608

 

 

 

50,050

 

 

 

5,323

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

118,981

 

Investment loss

 

 

(83,753,528

)

 

 

 

 

(13,840,830

)

 

 

97,594,358

 

 

(2

)

 

Loss on disposal of subsidiaries and others

 

 

 

 

(1,767,800

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(1,767,800

)

Impairment loss of long-term investments

 

 

 

 

(1,726,391

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(1,726,391

)

Loss from operations before income taxes

 

 

(98,382,604

)

 

 

(95,761,136

)

 

 

(14,304,202

)

 

 

97,594,358

 

 

 

 

 

(110,853,584

)

Income tax benefit

 

 

 

 

(10,268,836

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(10,268,836

)

Loss from operations, net of income taxes

 

 

(98,382,604

)

 

 

(85,492,300

)

 

 

(14,304,202

)

 

 

97,594,358

 

 

 

 

 

(100,584,748

)

Net loss

 

 

(98,382,604

)

 

 

(85,492,300

)

 

 

(14,304,202

)

 

 

97,594,358

 

 

 

 

 

(100,584,748

)

Net loss attributable to non-controlling interests

 

 

 

 

(22,227,546

)

 

 

 

 

13,840,830

 

 

(2

)

 

(8,386,716

)

Net loss attributable to ATA Creativity Global

 

 

(98,382,604

)

 

 

(63,264,754

)

 

 

(14,304,202

)

 

 

83,753,528

 

 

 

 

 

(92,198,032

)

 

 

 

Year Ended December 31,

 

 

 

2019

 

 

 

The Company

 

 

Subsidiaries

of the

Company

 

 

VIE

 

 

Elimination

adjustments

 

 

 

 

Consolidated

 

 

 

RMB

 

 

RMB

 

 

RMB

 

 

RMB

 

 

 

 

RMB

 

Net revenues

 

 

 

 

97,770,167

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

97,770,167

 

Cost and expenses:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cost of revenues

 

 

 

 

61,914,502

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

61,914,502

 

Impairment loss of intangible assets and other non-current assets

 

 

 

 

8,932,439

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

8,932,439

 

Provision for loan receivable and other receivables

 

 

11,843,167

 

 

 

5,587,658

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

17,430,825

 

Operating expenses

 

 

6,928,823

 

 

 

115,188,774

 

 

 

841,189

 

 

 

4,894,197

 

 

(3

)

 

127,852,983

 

Total cost and expenses

 

 

18,771,990

 

 

 

191,623,373

 

 

 

841,189

 

 

 

4,894,197

 

 

 

 

 

216,130,749

 

Other operating income, net

 

 

 

 

588,147

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

588,147

 

Loss from continuing operations

 

 

(18,771,990

)

 

 

(93,265,059

)

 

 

(841,189

)

 

 

(4,894,197

)

 

 

 

 

(117,772,435

)

Other income (loss)

 

 

1,391,184

 

 

 

2,117,988

 

 

 

(175,995

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

3,333,177

 

Investment loss

 

 

(110,881,674

)

 

 

 

 

(7,520,504

)

 

 

118,402,178

 

 

(2

)

 

Loss on disposal of subsidiaries and others

 

 

 

 

(7,850

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(7,850

)

Impairment loss of long-term investments

 

 

 

 

(20,895,309

)

 

 

(5,919,198

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

(26,814,507

)

Loss from continuing operations before income taxes

 

 

(128,262,480

)

 

 

(112,050,230

)

 

 

(14,456,886

)

 

 

113,507,981

 

 

 

 

 

(141,261,615

)

Income tax benefit

 

 

 

 

(7,149,119

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(7,149,119

)

Loss from continuing operations, net of income taxes

 

 

(128,262,480

)

 

 

(104,901,111

)

 

 

(14,456,886

)

 

 

113,507,981

 

 

 

 

 

(134,112,496

)

Income from discontinued operations, net of income

   taxes

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

4,894,197

 

 

(3

)

 

4,894,197

 

Net loss

 

 

(128,262,480

)

 

 

(104,901,111

)

 

 

(14,456,886

)

 

 

118,402,178

 

 

 

 

 

(129,218,299

)

Net loss attributable to non-controlling interests

 

 

 

 

(14,484,814

)

 

 

 

 

7,520,504

 

 

(2

)

 

(6,964,310

)

Net loss attributable to ATA Creativity Global

 

 

(128,262,480

)

 

 

(90,416,297

)

 

 

(14,456,886

)

 

 

110,881,674

 

 

 

 

 

(122,253,989

)

 

(1)

To eliminate the rental income and rental expense recognized in WFOE and Beijing Zhenwu respectively for the real estate premise that WFOE has leased to Beijing Zhenwu for its business initiatives. The lease has be